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BACKGROUND & AIMS Infection with Helicobacter pylori causes chronic gastritis, and this confers a risk of gastric cancer. Short alleles of the membrane-bound mucin MUC1, which has a large extracellular highly glycosylated domain and is highly polymorphic due to variation in the number of tandemly repeated (TR) 20-amino acid units, have been shown to be(More)
AQP3 is a water and glycerol channel present on human erythrocytes and in various tissues. By protein and molecular biology analysis, two unrelated probands who developed alloantibodies to the high frequency antigen GIL were found to be AQP3-deficient. The defect is caused by homozygous mutation affecting the 5' donor splice site of intron 5 of the AQP3(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the feasibility of applying a high throughput method, with an automated robotic technique, for predicting fetal RhD phenotype from fetal DNA in the plasma of RhD negative pregnant women to avoid unnecessary treatment with anti-RhD immunoglobulin. DESIGN Prospective comparison of fetal RHD genotype determined from fetal DNA in maternal(More)
Fetuses of women with alloantibodies to RhD (D) are at risk from hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn, but only if the fetal red cells are D-positive. In such pregnancies, it is beneficial to determine fetal D type, as this will affect the management of the pregnancy. It is possible to predict, with a high level of accuracy, fetal blood group(More)
Antigens of the Rh blood group system are encoded by 2 homologous genes, RHD and RHCE, that produce 2 red cell membrane proteins. The D-negative phenotype is considered to result, almost invariably, from homozygosity for a complete deletion of RHD. The basis of all PCR tests for predicting fetal D phenotype from DNA obtained from amniocytes or maternal(More)
Tetraspanins are thought to facilitate the formation of multiprotein complexes at cell surfaces, but evidence illuminating the biologic importance of this role is sparse. Tetraspanin CD151 forms very stable laminin-binding complexes with integrins alpha3beta1 and alpha6beta1 in kidney and alpha3beta1 and alpha6beta4 in skin. It is encoded by a gene at the(More)
A monoclonal antibody, 1D8, which recognizes a cell-surface antigen expressed by human chromosome 3 in Chinese hamster-human somatic-cell hybrids, has been produced. Testing of hybrids containing various deletions of chromosome 3 determines that the gene encoding the antigen is regionally localized to 3q (cen-22). This regional mapping is distinct from that(More)
The monoclonal antibody TRA-1-85 recognizes a cell surface antigen which is expressed by all human cell types tested, including red blood cells (RBCs), but not by mouse cells. All the human RBCs tested were TRA-1-85 positive except those with the rare phenotype Ok(a−). Oka is a blood group antigen of very high frequency and only three unrelated Ok(a−)(More)
A monoclonal antibody was produced which binds specifically to Type 2 H antigen of the ABO blood group system. The antibody, H11, is an IgM molecule which reacts by direct agglutination of red cells with the same pattern as other anti H reagents such as Ulex europaeus lectin. The specificity was determined by inhibition and adsorption with chemically(More)