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A real time RT-PCR, using the LightCycler, was developed and compared with rapid antigen enzyme immunoassay (AgEIA) and enhanced virus culture for rapid detection of influenza A viruses in stored and prospectively collected respiratory specimens. Specific hybridization probes were used for simultaneous detection and differentiation between H1N1 and H3N2(More)
Trichomonas vaginalis is the cause of one of the most common types of vaginitis, trichomoniasis. The incidence of trichomoniasis in developed countries has decreased substantially during the past decade, but high prevalence of this disease can still be found in rural and remote areas of Australia. Clinical manifestations of symptomatic women are generally(More)
Four IgG(1kappa) monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against Influenza A/Chicken/Vietnam/8/2004 (H5N1) virus are described. Three of these showed neutralizing activities against H5N1 strains from clades 1, 2 and 3 using a retroviral pseudotype or live virus microneutralization assay. In the pseudotype assay, the IC(90) neutralizing titre range was >1600-51,200,(More)
BACKGROUND Prompt laboratory diagnosis of Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection facilitates patient management and possible initiation of antiviral therapy. In our laboratory, which receives various specimen types for detection of HSV, we use enzyme immunoassay (EIA) for rapid detection and culture of this virus. The culture of HSV has traditionally been(More)
Mo(p40)2 is a potent IL-12 antagonist that interacts strongly with the beta 1 subunit of the IL-12R to block binding of moIL-12 to the high-affinity mouse IL-12R. Mo(p40)2, alone or in synergy with the 2B5 mAb specific for the moIL-12 heterodimer, blocked IL-12-induced responses in vitro, Mo(p40)2 was thus used alone or with 2B5 mAb to examine the role of(More)
From a basal cell carcinoma (BCC) the complete genome of candidate human papillomavirus (HPV) type 92 was characterized. Phylogenetically, the candidate HPV 92 was relatively distantly related to other cutaneous HPV types within the B1 group. By quantitative real time PCR, 94 viral copies were present per cell in the BCC and another BCC contained 1 viral(More)
Diagnosis of Q fever has largely been dependent upon serology, which may lead to delayed diagnosis as seroconversion can take weeks to develop. During a recent Q fever outbreak (27 patients) in rural South Australia, we compared the diagnostic rate of serology with two separate real-time PCRs, the 27kDa outer membrane protein and the insertion sequence. PCR(More)
A single tube nested 'hanging droplet' PCR was developed for detection of cutaneous human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA of the phylogenetic group B1. The nested PCR was compared with a single round PCR method by testing 56 fresh biopsies from Australian skin tumour patients. HPV DNA was detected in 64% (36/56) of the biopsies by nested PCR and in 30% (17/56) by(More)
BACKGROUND Peer review of medical papers is a confidential consultancy between the reviewer and the journal editor, and has been criticised for its potential bias and inadequacy. We explored the potential of the internet for open peer review to see whether this approach improved the quality and outcome of peer review. METHODS Research and review articles(More)
This report investigates an outbreak of acute gastrointestinal illness, microbiologically and epidemiologically linked to an aged-care facility and seeks to determine if there was a point source of infection. A register of cases that included onset date and time of illness and symptoms was maintained by nursing staff. Faecal specimens were tested for(More)