Geoff H. Hutchings

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The objective of this study was to quantify the extent to which the genetic diversity of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) arising over the course of infection of an individual animal becomes fixed, is transmitted to other animals, and thereby accumulates over the course of an outbreak. Complete consensus sequences of 23 genomes (each of 8,200(More)
African swine fever (ASF) is widespread in Africa but is rarely introduced to other continents. In June 2007, ASF was confirmed in the Caucasus region of Georgia, and it has since spread to neighboring countries. DNA fragments amplified from the genome of the isolates from domestic pigs in Georgia in 2007 were sequenced and compared with other ASF virus(More)
African swine fever (ASF) is an acute haemorrhagic disease of domestic pigs for which there is currently no vaccine. We showed that experimental immunisation of pigs with the non-virulent OURT88/3 genotype I isolate from Portugal followed by the closely related virulent OURT88/1 genotype I isolate could confer protection against challenge with virulent(More)
Rapid and accurate diagnosis is central to the effective control of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD). It is now recognized that reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assays can play an important role in the routine detection of FMD virus (FMDV) in clinical samples. The aim of this study was to compare the ability of 2 independent real-time(More)
The effect of administering higher payload FMD vaccines 10 days prior to severe direct contact challenge on protection from clinical disease and sub-clinical infection was investigated in cattle using two antigen payloads (single strength and 10-fold). Regardless of antigen payload, vaccination was shown to significantly reduce the number of clinically(More)
African swine fever (ASF) is an important disease of pigs and outbreaks of ASF have occurred in Europe on multiple occasions. To explore the period for which the European soft tick species Ornithodoros erraticus (Acari: Argasidae) is able to act as a reservoir of African swine fever virus (ASFV) after infected hosts are removed, we collected specimens from(More)
To overcome the low and slow development of humoral antibody often observed with DNA vaccines we applied a prime-boost strategy. When FMD DNA vaccine P1-2A3C3D and pGM-CSF primed pigs were boosted with inactivated foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) antigen and recombinant 3D (without adjuvant) an average 36-fold increase in the FMDV antibody response was(More)
The NH/P68 non-haemadsorbing (non-HAD) African swine fever virus (ASFV) isolate contains frameshift mutations in the EP402R and adjacent EP153R genes. These encode, respectively, the protein (CD2v) that is required for the haemadsorption (HAD) of swine erythrocytes to ASFV-infected cells and a C-type lectin protein. Two recombinant HAD viruses were(More)
Primary cells derived from calf thyroid (CTY), calf kidney (CK) and piglet kidney (PK) were immortalised by oncogene transfection and their susceptibility to infection by foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) virus and swine vesicular disease (SVD) virus examined. Eighty-five immortalised cell lines (47 CTY, 20 CK and 18 PK) proved stable upon repeated cell culture(More)
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is endemic in Southeast Asia (SEA) and East Asia with circulation of multiple serotypes and multiple genotypes within each serotype of the virus. Although countries like Japan and South Korea in the Far East were free of FMD, in 2010 FMD serotype O (O/Mya-98) outbreaks were recorded and since then South Korea has experienced(More)