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We describe procedures for determining cytosine and orotic acid in urine. We determine cytosine by cation-exchange analysis with either HCl or pH 5.2 buffer as eluent. Orotic acid is first separated by an anion-exchange separative procedure; after lyophilization, the product is subjected to "high-pressure" liquid chromatography for further separation and(More)
Previous studies have shown that catalase (1, 2) and glutathione peroxi-dase (3, 4) in hemolysates protect hemoglobin from the destructive effects produced by either hydrogen peroxide or ascorbic acid. Glutathione peroxidase is effective only in the presence of adequate amounts of GSH,' which serves as a hydrogen donor. The reaction has been represented by(More)
Studies have been carried out using an XAD-4 resin and ion-exchange chromatography for determination of urinary purines and nucleosides in seven children with severe combined immunodeficiency and in six normal children. These studies have included analyses for five methylated purines or nucleosides produced by catabolism of nucleic acids. The following(More)
Purine and pyrimidine metabolites were measured in erythrocytes, plasma, and urine of a 5-month-old infant with adenosine deaminase (adenosine aminohydrolase, EC 3.5.4.4) deficiency. Adenosine and adenine were measured using newly devised ion exchange separation techniques and a sensitive fluorescence assay. Plasma adenosine levels were increased, whereas(More)
It was found that ATP and cyclic AMP were greatly increased in human blood lymphocytes which were deficient in ADA. Certain other purine and pyrimidine nucleotides were elevated but to a lesser degree. Energy production in these cells may be inhibited by the increase in nucleotides since the ATP:ADP ratio was significantly below normal. Thus it appears that(More)