Geoff Baldwin

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DNA duplexes in which the target cytosine base is replaced by 2-H pyrimidinone have previously been shown to bind with a significantly greater affinity to C5-cytosine DNA methyltransferases than unmodified DNA. Here, it is shown that 2-H pyrimidinone, when incorporated into DNA duplexes containing the recognition sites for M.HgaI-2 and M.MspI, elicits the(More)
The assembly of DNA from small fragments into large constructs has seen significant recent development, becoming a pivotal technology in the ability to implement the vision of synthetic biology. As the cost of whole gene synthesis is decreasing, whole genome synthesis at the other end of the spectrum has expanded our horizons to the prospect of fully(More)
p97, an essential chaperone in endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation and organelle biogenesis, contains two AAA domains (D1 and D2) and assembles as a stable hexamer. We present a quantitative analysis of nucleotide binding to both D1 and D2 domains of p97, the first detailed study of nucleotide binding to both AAA domains for this type of AAA+(More)
Rapid-reaction methods have been used previously to identify intermediates in the reaction of the EcoRV restriction endonuclease on oligonucleotide substrates. In this study, the pathway on macromolecular DNA was elucidated by using the quench-flow method to analyze EcoRV reactions on a plasmid with one recognition site. Some reactions were carried out by(More)
Oxidative stress is a principal cause of DNA damage, and mechanisms to repair this damage are among the most highly conserved of biological processes. Oxidative stress is also used by phagocytes to attack bacterial pathogens in defence of the host. We have identified and characterised two apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) endonuclease paralogues in the human(More)
Overlap-directed DNA assembly methods allow multiple DNA parts to be assembled together in one reaction. These methods, which rely on sequence homology between the ends of DNA parts, have become widely adopted in synthetic biology, despite being incompatible with a key principle of engineering: modularity. To answer this, we present MODAL: a Modular(More)
The ability to quickly and reliably assemble DNA constructs is one of the key enabling technologies for synthetic biology. Here we define a new Biopart Assembly Standard for Idempotent Cloning (BASIC), which exploits the principle of orthogonal linker based DNA assembly to define a new physical standard for DNA parts. Further, we demonstrate a new robust(More)
The structure and biological function of the DNA double helix are based on interactions recognizing sequence complementarity between two single strands of DNA. A single DNA strand can also recognize the double helix sequence by binding in its groove and forming a triplex. We now find that sequence recognition occurs between intact DNA duplexes without any(More)
Restriction enzymes cannot cleave DNA without a metal ion cofactor. The specificities of the EcoRV and EcoRI endonucleases for metals were studied by measuring DNA cleavage rates with several metal ions and with combinations of metal ions. Both EcoRV and EcoRI had optimal activities with Mg2+, were less active with several other ions including Mn2+, and had(More)
We have used the intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence of the EcoRV restriction endonuclease to monitor changes in protein conformation during binding and cleavage of a duplex oligodeoxynucleotide substrate. Appropriate conditions for single-turnover reactions were first determined by steady-state kinetics. When single turnovers were monitored by stopped-flow(More)