Geoff B. Irvine

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BACKGROUND Studies of gene expression in post mortem human brain can contribute to understanding of the pathophysiology of neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Quantitative real-time PCR (RT qPCR) is often used to analyse gene expression. The validity of results(More)
Research into the cause of Alzheimer's disease (AD) has identified strong connections to cholesterol. Cholesterol and cholesterol esters can modulate amyloid precursor protein (APP) processing, thus altering production of the Abeta peptides that deposit in cortical amyloid plaques. Processing depends on the encounter between APP and cellular secretases, and(More)
An abundance of genetic, histopathological, and biochemical evidence has implicated the neuronal protein, alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn) as a key player in the development of several neurodegenerative diseases, the so-called synucleinopathies, of which Parkinson's disease (PD) is the most prevalent. Development of disease appears to be linked to events that(More)
To investigate the role of the N-terminal region of the heptapeptide FMRFamide-like peptide, pQDPFLRFamide, three analogues were synthesized. The analogues [pQNPFLRFamide, pQDAibFLRFamide (Aib = aminoisobutyric acid) and pQDGFLRFamide] contained modifications at amino acid residues 2 and 3, which we believed might be critical for maintaining the bioactive(More)
The non-beta-amyloid (Abeta) component of Alzheimer's disease amyloid (NAC) and its precursor alpha-synuclein have been linked to amyloidogenesis in several neurodegenerative diseases. NAC and alpha-synuclein both form beta-sheet structures upon ageing, aggregate to form fibrils, and are neurotoxic. We recently established that a peptide comprising residues(More)
Neuropeptide F (NPF), originally isolated from the sheep tapeworm, Moniezia expansa, consists of 39 amino acid residues terminating in a phenylalaninamide. An analogous neuropeptide has been isolated and sequenced from extracts of circumoesophageal ganglia of the garden snail, Helix aspersa. This neuropeptide exhibits partial primary structural similarity(More)
Alpha-synuclein has been linked to amyloidogenesis in Parkinson's disease and other neurodegenerative disorders. We have previously shown that a peptide comprising residues 68-78 of alpha-synuclein is the minimum fragment that, like alpha-synuclein itself, forms amyloid fibrils and exhibits toxicity towards cells in culture. Hughes et al. [J. Biol. Chem.(More)
β-site AβPP cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) catalyses the rate-limiting step for production of amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides, involved in the pathological cascade underlying Alzheimer's disease (AD). Elevated BACE1 protein levels and activity have been reported in AD postmortem brains. Our study explored whether this was due to elevated BACE1 mRNA expression. RNA was(More)
Synucleinsare small proteins that are highly expressed in brain tissue and are localised at presynaptic terminals in neurons. alpha-Synuclein has been identified as a component of intracellular fibrillar protein deposits in several neurodegenerative diseases, and two mutant forms of alpha-synuclein have been associated with autosomal-dominant Parkinson's(More)
beta-Secretase activity is the rate-limiting step in Abeta peptide production from amyloid precursor protein. Abeta is a major component of Alzheimer's disease (AD) cortical amyloid plaques. beta-Secretase activity is elevated in post mortem brain tissue in AD. The current study investigated whether beta-secretase activity was also elevated in peripheral(More)