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Genetic variation of the alpha-synuclein gene (SNCA) is known to cause familial parkinsonism, however the role of SNCA variants in sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD) remains elusive. The present study identifies an association of common SNCA polymorphisms with disease susceptibility in a series of Irish PD patients. There is evidence for association with(More)
Synucleinsare small proteins that are highly expressed in brain tissue and are localised at presynaptic terminals in neurons. alpha-Synuclein has been identified as a component of intracellular fibrillar protein deposits in several neurodegenerative diseases, and two mutant forms of alpha-synuclein have been associated with autosomal-dominant Parkinson's(More)
The functional role of the C-terminal amide group (-CONH2) of the molluscan regulatory peptide FMRFamide has been examined in two sets of analogues based on FnLKFamide and FnLRFamide (nL = norleucine). In each series the amide group was replaced by -CONHCH3, -CON(CH3)2, -CONHNH2, -COOCH3, -CH2OH, and -COOH. The analogues were tested for their ability to(More)
1. Circumoesophageal ganglia and foot muscle of the garden snail, Helix aspersa, were subjected to immunocytochemistry using antisera to the tachykinins, substance P (SP), neurokinin A (NKA), kassinin (KAS) and eledoisin (ELE). 2. Immunoreactivity in neuronal somata and fibres was detected only with the SP antiserum. 3. SP and NKA radioimmunoassays were(More)
BACKGROUND Studies of gene expression in post mortem human brain can contribute to understanding of the pathophysiology of neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Quantitative real-time PCR (RT qPCR) is often used to analyse gene expression. The validity of results(More)
Research into the cause of Alzheimer's disease (AD) has identified strong connections to cholesterol. Cholesterol and cholesterol esters can modulate amyloid precursor protein (APP) processing, thus altering production of the Abeta peptides that deposit in cortical amyloid plaques. Processing depends on the encounter between APP and cellular secretases, and(More)
An abundance of genetic, histopathological, and biochemical evidence has implicated the neuronal protein, alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn) as a key player in the development of several neurodegenerative diseases, the so-called synucleinopathies, of which Parkinson's disease (PD) is the most prevalent. Development of disease appears to be linked to events that(More)
To investigate the role of the N-terminal region of the heptapeptide FMRFamide-like peptide, pQDPFLRFamide, three analogues were synthesized. The analogues [pQNPFLRFamide, pQDAibFLRFamide (Aib = aminoisobutyric acid) and pQDGFLRFamide] contained modifications at amino acid residues 2 and 3, which we believed might be critical for maintaining the bioactive(More)
Neuropeptide F (NPF), originally isolated from the sheep tapeworm, Moniezia expansa, consists of 39 amino acid residues terminating in a phenylalaninamide. An analogous neuropeptide has been isolated and sequenced from extracts of circumoesophageal ganglia of the garden snail, Helix aspersa. This neuropeptide exhibits partial primary structural similarity(More)
The non-beta-amyloid (Abeta) component of Alzheimer's disease amyloid (NAC) and its precursor alpha-synuclein have been linked to amyloidogenesis in several neurodegenerative diseases. NAC and alpha-synuclein both form beta-sheet structures upon ageing, aggregate to form fibrils, and are neurotoxic. We recently established that a peptide comprising residues(More)