Geoff B. Irvine

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Genetic variation of the alpha-synuclein gene (SNCA) is known to cause familial parkinsonism, however the role of SNCA variants in sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD) remains elusive. The present study identifies an association of common SNCA polymorphisms with disease susceptibility in a series of Irish PD patients. There is evidence for association with(More)
Developing effective treatments for neurodegenerative diseases is one of the greatest medical challenges of the 21st century. Although many of these clinical entities have been recognized for more than a hundred years, it is only during the past twenty years that the molecular events that precipitate disease have begun to be understood. Protein aggregation(More)
Studies of gene expression in post mortem human brain can contribute to understanding of the pathophysiology of neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Quantitative real-time PCR (RT qPCR) is often used to analyse gene expression. The validity of results obtained using RT(More)
Neuropeptide F (NPF), originally isolated from the sheep tapeworm, Moniezia expansa, consists of 39 amino acid residues terminating in a phenylalaninamide. An analogous neuropeptide has been isolated and sequenced from extracts of circumoesophageal ganglia of the garden snail, Helix aspersa. This neuropeptide exhibits partial primary structural similarity(More)
Fibrillar deposits of alpha-synuclein occur in several neurodegenerative diseases. Two mutant forms of alpha-synuclein have been associated with early-onset Parkinson's disease, and a fragment has been identified as the non-amyloid-beta peptide component of Alzheimer's disease amyloid (NAC). Upon aging, solutions of alpha-synuclein and NAC change(More)
Alpha-synuclein is a major component of Lewy bodies in Parkinson's disease and is found associated with several other forms of dementia. As with other neurodegenerative diseases, the ability of alpha-synuclein to aggregate and form fibrillar deposits seems central to its pathology. We have defined a sequence within the NAC region of alpha-synuclein that is(More)
Research into the cause of Alzheimer's disease (AD) has identified strong connections to cholesterol. Cholesterol and cholesterol esters can modulate amyloid precursor protein (APP) processing, thus altering production of the Abeta peptides that deposit in cortical amyloid plaques. Processing depends on the encounter between APP and cellular secretases, and(More)
The non-Abeta component of Alzheimer's disease amyloid (NAC) and its precursor alpha-synuclein have been linked to amyloidogenesis in Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Previously we have shown that NAC forms beta-sheet structures and fibrils [El-Agnaf, O.M.A., Bodles, A.M., Guthrie, D.J.S., Harriott, P.(More)