Geoff B. Irvine

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To investigate the role of the N-terminal region of the heptapeptide FMRFamide-like peptide, pQDPFLRFamide, three analogues were synthesized. The analogues [pQNPFLRFamide, pQDAibFLRFamide (Aib = aminoisobutyric acid) and pQDGFLRFamide] contained modifications at amino acid residues 2 and 3, which we believed might be critical for maintaining the bioactive(More)
The non-beta-amyloid (Abeta) component of Alzheimer's disease amyloid (NAC) and its precursor alpha-synuclein have been linked to amyloidogenesis in several neurodegenerative diseases. NAC and alpha-synuclein both form beta-sheet structures upon ageing, aggregate to form fibrils, and are neurotoxic. We recently established that a peptide comprising residues(More)
Neuropeptide F (NPF), originally isolated from the sheep tapeworm, Moniezia expansa, consists of 39 amino acid residues terminating in a phenylalaninamide. An analogous neuropeptide has been isolated and sequenced from extracts of circumoesophageal ganglia of the garden snail, Helix aspersa. This neuropeptide exhibits partial primary structural similarity(More)
Synucleinsare small proteins that are highly expressed in brain tissue and are localised at presynaptic terminals in neurons. alpha-Synuclein has been identified as a component of intracellular fibrillar protein deposits in several neurodegenerative diseases, and two mutant forms of alpha-synuclein have been associated with autosomal-dominant Parkinson's(More)
beta-Secretase activity is the rate-limiting step in Abeta peptide production from amyloid precursor protein. Abeta is a major component of Alzheimer's disease (AD) cortical amyloid plaques. beta-Secretase activity is elevated in post mortem brain tissue in AD. The current study investigated whether beta-secretase activity was also elevated in peripheral(More)
Beta-site amyloid precursor protein (APP)-cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) is a biological and positional candidate gene for Alzheimer's disease (AD). BACE1 is a protease that catalyses APP cleavage at the beta-secretase site. We evaluated all common and putatively functional polymorphisms in the genomic region encompassing BACE1 for an association with AD, and(More)
The distribution of neuropeptide F (NPF) immunoreactivity in the snail, Helix aspersa, has been demonstrated by immunocytochemistry using 2 region-specific antisera. One, designated NPF3, was raised against a synthetic N-terminal fragment of Helix aspersa NPF; the other, designated PP221, was raised against the C-terminal hexapeptide amide of mammalian(More)
The functional role of the C-terminal amide group (-CONH2) of the molluscan regulatory peptide FMRFamide has been examined in two sets of analogues based on FnLKFamide and FnLRFamide (nL = norleucine). In each series the amide group was replaced by -CONHCH3, -CON(CH3)2, -CONHNH2, -COOCH3, -CH2OH, and -COOH. The analogues were tested for their ability to(More)