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The cysteinyl leukotrienes (cys-LTs), leukotriene C4 (LTC4) and its metabolites, LTD4 and LTE4, are proinflammatory lipid mediators in asthma and other inflammatory diseases. They are generated through the 5-lipoxygenase/LTC4 synthase (LTC4S) pathway and act via at least two distinct G protein-coupled receptors. The inhibition of human LTC4S will make a(More)
Recently, general-purpose computation on graphics processing units (GPGPU) has become an increasingly popular field of study as graphics processing units (GPUs) continue to be proposed as high performance and relatively low cost implementation platforms for scientific computing applications. Among these applications figure astrophysical N-bodysimulations,(More)
Virtual compound screening using molecular docking is widely used in the discovery of new lead compounds for drug design. However, this method is not completely reliable and therefore unsatisfactory. In this study, we used massive molecular dynamics simulations of protein-ligand conformations obtained by molecular docking in order to improve the enrichment(More)
The conformation and functions of proteins are closely linked, and many proteins undergo conformational changes upon ligand binding. The X-ray crystallographic studies have revealed conformational differences in proteins between the liganded and unliganded states. Currently, the conformational transitions that originate in the ligand binding are explained(More)
In this paper, we report all-atom simulations of molecular crowding – a result from the full node simulation on the “K computer”, which is a 10-PFLOPS supercomputer in Japan. The capability of this machine enables us to perform simulation of crowded cellular environments, which are more realistic compared to conventional MD simulations where proteins are(More)
We are developing the MDGRAPE-4, a special-purpose computer system for molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. MDGRAPE-4 is designed to achieve strong scalability for protein MD simulations through the integration of general-purpose cores, dedicated pipelines, memory banks and network interfaces (NIFs) to create a system on chip (SoC). Each SoC has 64(More)
The Poisson-Boltzmann implicit solvent (PB) is widely used to estimate the solvation free energies of biomolecules in molecular simulations. An optimized set of atomic radii (PB radii) is an important parameter for PB calculations, which determines the distribution of dielectric constants around the solute. We here present new PB radii for the AMBER protein(More)
When we move our fingers across the surface of objects , we can obtain tactile sensations of its shape, roughness and material and categorize these sensations into a perception of the object. The feelings of various objects can not be deduced from the instantaneous sensations of our fingers. These sensations exist inside the dynamics of our body and nervous(More)
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