Genta Kakiyama

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BACKGROUND & AIMS The 7α-dehydroxylation of primary bile acids (BAs), chenodeoxycholic (CDCA) and cholic acid (CA) into the secondary BAs, lithocholic (LCA) and deoxycholic acid (DCA), is a key function of the gut microbiota. We aimed at studying the linkage between fecal BAs and gut microbiota in cirrhosis since this could help understand cirrhosis(More)
Alcohol abuse with/without cirrhosis is associated with an impaired gut barrier and inflammation. Gut microbiota can transform primary bile acids (BA) to secondary BAs, which can adversely impact the gut barrier. The purpose of this study was to define the effect of active alcohol intake on fecal BA levels and ileal and colonic inflammation in cirrhosis.(More)
UNLABELLED Oxysterols are well known as physiological ligands of liver X receptors (LXRs). Oxysterols, 25-hydroxycholesterol (25HC) and 27-hydroxycholesterol as endogenous ligands of LXRs, suppress cell proliferation via LXRs signaling pathway. Recent reports have shown that sulfated oxysterol, 5-cholesten-3β-25-diol-3-sulfate (25HC3S) as LXRs antagonist,(More)
We developed a highly sensitive and quantitative method to detect bile acid 3-sulfates in human urine employing liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry. This method allows simultaneous analysis of bile acid 3-sulfates, including nonamidated, glycine-, and taurine-conjugated bile acids, cholic acid (CA), chenodeoxycholic acid(More)
Cytosolic sulfotransferase (SULT2B1b) catalyzes oxysterol sulfation. 5-Cholesten-3β-25-diol-3-sulfate (25HC3S), one product of this reaction, decreases intracellular lipids in vitro by suppressing liver X receptor/sterol regulatory element binding protein (SREBP)-1c signaling, with regulatory properties opposite to those of its precursor(More)
We have developed a simple and accurate HPLC method for measurement of fecal bile acids using phenacyl derivatives of unconjugated bile acids, and applied it to the measurement of fecal bile acids in cirrhotic patients. The HPLC method has the following steps: 1) lyophilization of the stool sample; 2) reconstitution in buffer and enzymatic deconjugation(More)
OBJECTIVE Liver is the major organ responsible for the final elimination of cholesterol from the body either as biliary cholesterol or as bile acids. Intracellular hydrolysis of lipoprotein-derived cholesteryl esters (CEs) is essential to generate the free cholesterol required for this process. Earlier, we demonstrated that overexpression of human CE(More)
A direct method for the separation and quantification of a series of bile acid acyl glycosides using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to an evaporative light scattering detector (HPLC-ELSD) is described. Complete separation of each of 15 bile acid acyl 24-alpha-glucosides and their 24-beta-anomers and 24-beta-galactosides was achieved by the(More)
A method for the synthesis of Delta(22)-beta-muricholic acid (Delta(22)-beta-MCA), (22E)-3 alpha,6 beta,7 beta-trihydroxy-5 beta-chol-22-en-24-oic acid, and its taurine and glycine conjugates (Delta(22)-beta-muricholyltaurine and Delta(22)-beta-muricholylglycine) is described. The key intermediate, 3 alpha,6 beta,7 beta-triformyloxy-23,24-dinor-5(More)
BACKGROUND Safety of individual probiotic strains approved under Investigational New Drug (IND) policies in cirrhosis with minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) is not clear. AIM The primary aim of this phase I study was to evaluate the safety, tolerability of probiotic Lactobacillus GG (LGG) compared to placebo, while secondary ones were to explore its(More)