Genoveva F. Esteban

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Most of the small ciliate protozoa, including Dasytricha ruminantium and Entodinium spp. living in the rumen of sheep, were found to have intracellular bacteria. These bacteria were not present in digestive vacuoles. They showed characteristic coenzyme F420 autofluorescence and they were detected with a rhodamine-labelled Archaea-specific oligonucleotide(More)
We have developed a method for determining the potential abundance of free-living protozoa in soil. The method permits enumeration of four major functional groups (flagellates, naked amoebae, testate amoebae, and ciliates) and it overcomes some limitations and problems of the usual 'direct' and 'most probable number' methods. Potential abundance is(More)
Mixotrophy is the occurrence of phagotrophy and phototrophy in the same organism. In ciliates the intracellular phototroph can be unicellular green algae (zoochlorellae), dinoflagellates (zooxanthellae), cryptomonads or sequestered chloroplasts from ingested algae. An intermediate mixotrophic mechanism is that where the phagotroph ingests algal cells,(More)
The purpose of this article is to pull together various elements from current knowledge regarding the natural history of free-living protozoa in fresh waters. We define their functional role, set the likely limits of ‘biodiversity’, and explore how the two may be related. Protozoa are unicellular, phagotrophic organisms, and 16 phyla of protists contain(More)
Microbial eukaryotes that are morphologically indistinguishable (i.e. 'morphospecies') tend to be genetically diverse. While most protist morphospecies have cosmopolitan distribution, it has been suggested that ribotypes (unique rRNA gene sequences) or rRNA sequence clusters do have biogeography and such clusters may correlate with particular(More)
Protozoa are the most abundant phagotrophs in the biosphere, but no scientific strategy has emerged that might allow accurate definition of the dimensions of protozoan diversity on a global scale. We have begun this task by searching for the common ground between taxonomy and ecology. We have used two methods - taxonomic analysis, and extrapolation from(More)
A diverse and dynamic community of ciliated protozoa lives in the stratified water column of the productive freshwater pond known as 'Priest Pot'. As part of a long-term continuous monitoring programme, this community was examined with 10 cm-scale vertical sampling in August 1995 and June 1997, and found to be dominated by species with endosymbiotic algae(More)
Psilotricha acuminata was described by Stein in 1859 as the type species of the ciliate genus Psilotricha Stein, 1859. The ciliate has rarely been found since, and its infraciliature has never been described with the aid of silver-impregnation techniques. We have found P. acuminata Stein, 1859 in soil samples from upland grassland in Scotland (U.K.). Living(More)
A new ciliate species (Cyclidium porcatum) is the first freshwater anaerobic scuticociliate to be cultured and described. It contains a unique tripartite structure consisting of hydrogenosomes (confirmed by cytochemical staining for hydrogenase), interspersed with methanogens (confirmed by auto fluorescence and in situ hybridisation with an archaeobacterial(More)