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Most of the small ciliate protozoa, including Dasytricha ruminantium and Entodinium spp. living in the rumen of sheep, were found to have intracellular bacteria. These bacteria were not present in digestive vacuoles. They showed characteristic coenzyme F420 autofluorescence and they were detected with a rhodamine-labelled Archaea-specific oligonucleotide(More)
Psilotricha acuminata was described by Stein in 1859 as the type species of the ciliate genus Psilotricha Stein, 1859. The ciliate has rarely been found since, and its infraciliature has never been described with the aid of silver-impregnation techniques. We have found P. acuminata Stein, 1859 in soil samples from upland grassland in Scotland (U.K.). Living(More)
Free-living microbes are by far the most abundant group of organisms in the biosphere, yet estimates of global species richness remain nebulous, and there is no consensus regarding the likely geographical distribution of species. Both uncertainties are addressed by the suggestion that the vast abundance of microbes may drive their ubiquitous random(More)
Microbial eukaryotes that are morphologically indistinguishable (i.e. 'morphospecies') tend to be genetically diverse. While most protist morphospecies have cosmopolitan distribution, it has been suggested that ribotypes (unique rRNA gene sequences) or rRNA sequence clusters do have biogeography and such clusters may correlate with particular(More)
Ubiquitous dispersal of free-living microbial species implies that each and every ecosystem supports a 'seedbank' of microbial species that are imported by random dispersal. However, many of the microbial species present in any particular ecosystem will probably never thrive there because the local environment is unsuitable for their population growth. To(More)
We have developed a method for determining the potential abundance of free-living protozoa in soil. The method permits enumeration of four major functional groups (flagellates, naked amoebae, testate amoebae, and ciliates) and it overcomes some limitations and problems of the usual 'direct' and 'most probable number' methods. Potential abundance is(More)
A diverse and dynamic community of ciliated protozoa lives in the stratified water column of the productive freshwater pond known as 'Priest Pot'. As part of a long-term continuous monitoring programme, this community was examined with 10 cm-scale vertical sampling in August 1995 and June 1997, and found to be dominated by species with endosymbiotic algae(More)
Protozoa are the most abundant phagotrophs in the biosphere, but no scientific strategy has emerged that might allow accurate definition of the dimensions of protozoan diversity on a global scale. We have begun this task by searching for the common ground between taxonomy and ecology. We have used two methods - taxonomic analysis, and extrapolation from(More)