Gennaro Chiappetta

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The high-mobility group I (HMGI) nonhistone chromosomal proteins HMGI(Y) and HMGI-C have been implicated in defining chromatin structure and in regulating the transcription of several genes. These proteins have been implicated in adipocyte homeostasis: a severe deficiency of fat tissue is found in mice with targeted disruption of the HMGI-C locus, and(More)
Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is caused by germ-line mutations of the apc gene, and it is associated with an increased risk of developing papillary thyroid carcinomas. We have previously reported that a significant fraction of sporadic human papillary thyroid carcinomas is characterized by gene rearrangements affecting the ret protooncogene. These(More)
A sharp increase in the incidence of pediatric thyroid papillary cancer was documented after the Chernobyl power plant explosion. An increased prevalence of rearrangements of the RET protooncogene (RET/PTC rearrangements) has been reported in Belarussian post-Chernobyl papillary carcinomas arising between 1990 and 1995. We analyzed 67 post-Chernobyl(More)
High mobility group A 1 (HMGA1) proteins are chromatinic factors, which are absent or expressed at very low levels in normal adult tissues, while they are over-expressed in several human malignant tumors. In this study, HMGA1 protein expression was investigated by immunohistochemistry in a series of 44 epithelial ovarian specimens, which included four(More)
The altered form of the high-mobility group A2 (HMGA2) gene is somehow related to the generation of human benign and malignant tumours of mesenchymal origin. However, only a few data on the expression of HMGA2 in malignant tumour originating from epithelial tissue are available. In this study, we examined the HMGA2 expression level in pancreatic carcinoma,(More)
The high-mobility group A (HMGA) proteins are a family of non-histone chromatin factors, encoded by the HMGA1 and HMGA2 genes. Several studies demonstrate that HMGA proteins have a critical role in neoplastic transformation, and their overexpression is mainly associated with a highly malignant phenotype, also representing a poor prognostic index. Even(More)
High mobility group I(Y) [HMGI(Y)] proteins are architectural factors abundantly expressed during embryogenesis, and their overexpression is known to be closely associated with neoplastic transformation of cells. This study was performed to investigate whether determination of HMGI(Y) expression level could assist in (a) differential diagnosis between(More)
BACKGROUND Fos-related antigen 1 (FRA-1) is an immediate early gene encoding a member of AP-1 family of transcription factors involved in cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, and other biological processes. fra-1 gene overexpression has an important role in the process of cellular transformation, and our previous studies suggest FRA-1 protein(More)
The increase in thyroid carcinoma post-Chernobyl has been largely confined to a specific subtype of papillary carcinoma (solid/follicular). This subtype is observed predominantly in children under 10 in unirradiated populations, but maintains a high frequency in those aged 10-15 from those areas exposed to fallout from the Chernobyl accident. The aim of(More)
H-Prune hydrolyzes short-chain polyphosphates (PPase activity) together with an hitherto cAMP-phosphodiesterase (PDE), the latest influencing different human cancers by its overexpression. H-Prune promotes cell migration in cooperation with glycogen synthase kinase-3 (Gsk-3β). Gsk-3β is a negative regulator of canonical WNT/β-catenin signaling. Here, we(More)