Gennaro Andolfi

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Most cases of autosomal-dominant hereditary spastic paraplegia are linked to mutations in SPG4 encoding spastin, a protein involved in microtubule dynamics and membrane trafficking. In pyramidal neurons of the motor cortex and in immortalized motor neurons, spastin is localized to the synaptic terminals and growth cones. However, in other neurons and in(More)
An obligatory crossing-over event between the X and Y chromosomes in mammals occurs at each male meiosis within the 2.6 Mb of DNA defining the pseudoautosomal region (PAR). Genes located within or near the human PAR have homologous copies on the X and Y chromosomes, escape X inactivation and appear to be highly divergent throughout evolution. We have(More)
In rodents, cortical interneurons originate from the medial ganglionic eminence (MGE) and caudal ganglionic eminence (CGE) according to precise temporal schedules. The mechanisms controlling the specification of CGE-derived interneurons and their role in cortical circuitry are still unknown. Here, we show that COUP-TFI expression becomes restricted to the(More)
Eukaryotic protein kinases are part of a large and expanding family of proteins. Through our transcriptional mapping effort in the Xp22 region, we have isolated and sequenced the full-length transcript of STK9, a novel cDNA highly homologous to serine-threonine kinases. A number of human genetic disorders have been mapped to the region where STK9 has been(More)
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) repeat-containing proteins constitute an expanding family of proteins involved in several cellular activities such as blood coagulation, fibrinolysis, cell adhesion, and neural and vertebrate development. By using a bioinformatic approach, we have identified a new member of this family named MAEG (MAM- and EGF-containing gene;(More)
The B-box family is an expanding new family of genes encoding proteins involved in diverse cellular functions such as developmental patterning and oncogenesis. A member of this protein family, MID1, is the gene responsible for the X-linked form of Opitz G/BBB syndrome, a developmental disorder characterized by defects of the midline structures. We now(More)
We recently identified a gene responsible for an autosomal recessive form of hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP). This gene encodes paraplegin, a mitochondrial protein highly homologous to the yeast mitochondrial ATPases Afg3p and Rcalp, which have both proteolytic and chaperone-like activities at the inner mitochondrial membrane. By screening the Expressed(More)
Through our transcriptional mapping effort in the Xp22 region, we have isolated by exon trapping a new transcript highly homologous to the Drosophila retinal degeneration C (rdgC) gene. rdgC encodes a serine/threonine phosphatase protein and is required in Drosophila to prevent light-induced retinal degeneration. This human gene is the first mammalian(More)
We recently reported the isolation of two new members of the sulfatase gene family, arylsulfatase D (ARSD) and E (ARSE), located approximately 50 kb from each other in the Xp22.3 region. Mutation analysis indicated ARSE as the gene responsible for X-linked recessive chondrodysplasia punctata. Expression of the ARSE gene in COS cells resulted in a(More)
We have identified a novel gene with homologies to the Drosophila Sex comb on midleg (Scm) gene from the short arm of the X chromosome. Scm is a member of the Polycomb group (PcG) genes, which encode transcriptional repressors essential for appropriate development in the fly and in mammals. The newly identified transcript named SCML2 (sex comb on midleg(More)