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Normal mitochondrial function is a critical factor in maintaining cellular homeostasis in various organs of the body. Due to the involvement of mitochondrial dysfunction in many pathological states, the real-time in vivo monitoring of the mitochondrial metabolic state is crucially important. This type of monitoring in animal models as well as in patients(More)
Carbon monoxide (CO) is known to be a toxic molecule due to the high affinity of hemoglobin for it. However, it has recently been shown that low doses of CO may play a physiological role. The aim of the present study was to examine processes occurring in the brain during exposure to 1,000 parts per million CO that result in an increase in cerebral blood(More)
Hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO2) is an important treatment given to various groups of patients exposed to pathologic situations (i.e., carbon monoxide exposure). Since many hyperbaric patients are critically ill and are being treated for life-threatening disorders, it is necessary to monitor various physiologic and biochemical parameters. This is a review of(More)
Until recently carbon monoxide (CO) was known only for its noxious effects. Exposure to CO results in an autoregulatory increase in cerebral blood flow (CBF). Little information is available on brain energy metabolism under low CO concentrations and on the effect of CO on the stimulated brain. In this study cortical spreading depression (SD) was induced in(More)
We have applied in vivo real-time techniques to monitor the physiological changes associated with exposure to a pattern of carbon monoxide (CO) known to cause brain oxidative stress. Using a multiparametric monitoring device connected to the brain, we exposed unanesthetized rats to two levels of CO, 0.1 and 0.3% in air. Energy metabolism was evaluated by(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO) has been considered for many years for the treatment of severe brain ischemia. However, its efficacy has not been proven. The aim of this study was to shed light on this question. METHODS Acute global cerebral ischemia was induced in 18 rats using the four-vessel occlusion model. Regional cerebral blood flow (CBF)(More)
Intracranial pressure (ICP) was monitored to evaluate the therapeutic effect of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO(2)) treatment following traumatic brain injury (TBI). This subject is controversial. The aim of our study was to determine whether HBO(2) treatment has a therapeutic effect on ICP dynamics and survival following severe fluid percussion brain injury (FPBI)(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is known to be accompanied by an increase in intracranial pressure (ICP) and in some cases, by spontaneous generation of cortical spreading depression (CSD) cycles. However, the role of CSD in the pathophysiology of cerebral contusion is still unknown. A multiparametric monitoring assembly was placed on the right hemisphere of(More)
The application of hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO2) has been recommended for correction of neurological injury in severely CO-poisoned patients. However, the mechanisms of HBO2 action on brain mitochondrial function under the circumstances is not yet understood completely. In the present study, the effect of HBO2 on the rat brain after CO exposure was(More)
Severe head injury can result in a high mortality rate or irreversible brain damage. One technique used to induce traumatic brain injury (TBI) is exposure of the brain to fluid percussion pressure while monitoring the increase in intracranial pressure (ICP). Since brain injury is a multifactorial, pathological, time-dependent state, the multiparametric(More)