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The problem of pre-nervous neurotransmitter systems arose from studies carried out on different groups of invertebrates and vertebrates in the late 1950s to early 1960s. These investigations were motivated by an hypothesis formulated by K. S. Koshtoyants concerning the similarity between pre-nervous control processes and neuronal functions. Here, we review(More)
Serotonin acts as antagonist of progesterone on amphibian oocytes. Serotonin antagonists inhibit maturation of starfish oocytes and stimulate or trigger maturation in amphibians. We propose that endogenous serotonin participates in the control of oocyte maturation.
Dopamine, histamine, serotonin, and serotonin analogs were acylated with arachidonic and eicosapentaenoic acids, and the reaction products were named as artificially functionalized fatty acids (AFFA). The amides of arachidonic acid with serotonin, dopamine, and histamine were found to inhibit human platelet aggregation induced by ADP, arachidonic acid and(More)
1. Classical neurotransmitters (such as acetylcholine, biogenic amines, and GABA) are functionally active througout ontogenesis. 2. Based on accumulated evidence, reviewed herein, we present an hypothetical scheme describing developmental changes in this functional activity, from the stage of maturing oocytes through neuronal differentiation. This scheme(More)
Three main effects of the amides on embryos of opistobranch molluscs, sea urchins and starfish, were revealed. First, a rather independent and clear protective action of 5-HYDROXYTRYPTAMIDES AND 3-HYDROXYTYRAMIDES against cytostatic antagonists of serotonin and dopamine, resp. Second, prevention of developmental abnormalities induced by protein kinase C(More)
The ganglioside composition of mouse ascites hepatoma ( MAH ) cells, the ascites fluid and cell-conditioned media were determined and found to be qualitatively identical, but quantitatively different. The ganglioside content of the ascites fluid and the medium conditioned by MAH -cells at the native cell concentration (10(8) cells/ml) comprised respectively(More)
Chlorpyrifos targets mammalian brain development through a combination of effects directed at cholinergic receptors and intracellular signaling cascades that are involved in cell differentiation. We used sea urchin embryos as an invertebrate model system to explore the cellular mechanisms underlying the actions of chlorpyrifos and to delineate the critical(More)
Choline and N,N-dimethylaminoethyl esters of arachidonic and some other fatty acids were synthesized. Experiments on the embryos and larvae of sea urchins, sensitive to cholinergic compounds, showed that arachidonoylcholine exhibited cholinomimetic activity similar to that of nicotine while N,N-dimethylaminoethyl arachidonate acted as acetylcholine(More)
Possible interaction of the serotonergic system with intracellular calcium mechanisms was investigated using techniques of ratio imaging measurement of intracellular Ca2+ and confocal microscopy in cleaving embryos of sea urchin Lytechinus pictus. Some serotonin antagonists specifically increase free intracellular Ca2+ and evoke transient regression of the(More)
The classical neurotransmitters (acetylcholine and biogenic monoamines) are multifunctional substances involved in intra- and intercellular signaling at all stages of ontogenesis in multicellular animals. A cyclical scheme is proposed to describe age-related changes in neuro-transmitter functions at different stages of development from oocyte maturation to(More)