Gennadiy P. Moiseyev

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Regulation of patterning and morphogenesis during embryonic development depends on tissue-specific signaling by retinoic acid (RA), the active form of Vitamin A (retinol). The first enzymatic step in RA synthesis, the oxidation of retinol to retinal, is thought to be carried out by the ubiquitous or overlapping activities of redundant alcohol(More)
RPE65 is an abundant protein in the retinal pigment epithelium. Mutations in RPE65 are associated with inherited retinal dystrophies. Although it is known that RPE65 is critical for regeneration of 11-cis retinol in the visual cycle, the function of RPE65 is elusive. Here we show that recombinant RPE65, when expressed in QBI-293A and COS-1 cells, has robust(More)
Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) with abnormal deposit formation under the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) is the major cause of blindness in the Western world. basal laminar deposits are found in early ARMD and are composed of excess basement membrane material produced by the RPE. Here, we demonstrate that mice lacking the basement membrane(More)
Retinoic acid (atRA) signaling is essential for regulating embryonic development, and atRA levels must be tightly controlled in order to prevent congenital abnormalities and fetal death which can result from both excessive and insufficient atRA signaling. Cellular enzymes synthesize atRA from Vitamin A, which is obtained from dietary sources. Embryos(More)
α-Phenyl-N-tert-butylnitrone (PBN), a free radical spin trap, has been shown previously to protect retinas against light-induced neurodegeneration, but the mechanism of protection is not known. Here we report that PBN-mediated retinal protection probably occurs by slowing down the rate of rhodopsin regeneration by inhibiting RPE65 activity. PBN (50 mg/kg)(More)
The chromophore of visual pigments is 11-cis-retinal and, thus, in its absence, opsin is not photosensitive and no visual function exists. However, in the RPE65 knockout (Rpe65-/-) mouse, where synthesis of 11-cis-retinal does not occur, a minimal visual response from rod photoreceptors is obtained. We have examined if an alternative pathway exists for(More)
RDH10 (retinol dehydrogenase 10) was originally identified from the retinal pigment epithelium and retinal Müller cells. It has retinoid oxidoreductase activity and is thought to play a role in the retinoid visual cycle. A recent study showed that RDH10 is essential for generating retinoic acid at early embryonic stages. The present study demonstrated that(More)
The isomerization of all-trans-retinyl ester to 11-cis-retinol in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) is a critical step in the visual cycle and is essential for normal vision. Recently, we have established that protein RPE65 is the isomerohydrolase catalyzing this reaction. The present study investigated if metal ions are required for the isomerohydrolase(More)
PURPOSE The protein RPE65 plays a critical role in retinoid processing in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Previous studies have identified the RPE65 mRNA in salamander cones, but not in rods. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether RPE65 is expressed at the protein level in mammalian cones, as well as in those of amphibians. (More)
Our previous studies have shown that very low-density lipoprotein receptor (VLDLR) is a negative regulator of the Wnt pathway. The present study showed that VLDLR gene knockout (Vldlr(-/-)) mice displayed impaired cone ERG responses at early ages. Immunostaining of mid-wavelength cones showed significantly decreased cone densities in the retina and(More)