Gennadi Isaev

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The review is dedicated of phenomenology of the difficult breathing and analysis of the peripheral and central mechanisms of it. Analysis based on model investigations with resistive loads in awake or sleeping healthy humans, including results of experiments in the anesthetized animals. The recent data having principle importance in estimation of the(More)
There is broad agreement that the awake human ventilatory response to a moderate inspiratory load consists of a prolongation of inspiratory time (T(I)) with a maintenance of tidal volume (V(T)) and end-tidal P(C)(O(2)) (P(ET,C)(O(2))), the response being severely blunted in sleep. There is no agreement on the mechanisms underlying this ventilatory response.(More)
In the present study, the mechanisms of interaction between the breathing and stepping movements were investigated. The investigations were carried out in 8 normal subjects and 4 individuals with complete spinal cord lesion. Additionally, experimental studies were performed in 7 decerebrate and 4 spinal cats. Involuntary reflex stepping movements in the air(More)
The purpose of the present study has been to determine whether pharyngeal dilator muscles participate in inspiratory load compensatory responses and if so, to elucidate role of upper airway mechanoreceptors in these responses. The experiments were performed on anaesthetized rabbits. Each animal was tested in three ways by the imposition of inspiratory(More)
The present study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that recruitment of upper airway muscles in loaded breathing is a result of integration of peripheral chemoreceptor and pulmonary mechanoreceptor afferents. Experiments were performed in spontaneously breathing tracheostomized anesthetized rabbits. It had been studied the effects of inspiratory(More)
In anesthetised spontaneously breathing rabbits, an increase in the inspiratoryactivity m.genioglossus was greater than a simultaneous increase in the respiratory activity of the diaphragm cluring loaded breathing. A bypass of the air flow via tracheostoma did not affect the response of the m.genioglossus to a resistive load. The difference seems to be due(More)
In 18 anesthetized cats, electrical activity of diaphragmatic nerve, external intercostal muscles and diaphragm, was monitored. Starting from a certain level of inspiratory load, the transdiaphragmatic pressure and the diaphragm EMG decreased, the efferent activity of diaphragmatic nerve remaining the same. This data suggests a peripheral character of(More)
Phasic contractions of the hindlimb muscles were induced in hypercapnia, hypoxia and hyperoxia. Absolute value of the lung ventilation and its kinetics depended on hypoxic and hypercapnic stimuli, reaching its maximum in their combination. Hypoxic stimulus decreased an increment of the lung ventilation and decelerated the latter's development. The(More)
  • G G Isaev
  • 1983
The quantitative relations between the tidal volume and timing of the respiratory cycle (breathing pattern) in resting and with gradual muscular loads, were investigated in 16 healthy subjects under conditions of normal and altered chemoreceptive respiratory drive. The human breathing pattern during muscular exercise was shown to reflect the features of the(More)