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In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the gene functions required to ferment the disaccharide maltose are encoded by the MAL loci. Any one of five highly sequence homologous MAL loci identified in various S. cerevisiae strains (called MAL1, 2, 3, 4 and 6) is sufficient to ferment maltose. Each is a complex of three genes encoding maltose permease, maltase and a(More)
Genetic hybridization, sequence and karyotypic analyses of natural Saccharomyces yeasts isolated in different regions of Taiwan revealed three biological species: Saccharomyces arboricola, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Saccharomyces kudriavzevii. Intraspecies variability of the D1/D2 and ITS1 rDNA sequences was detected among S. cerevisiae and S.(More)
Genomes of 36 Saccharomyces distillers’ strains, mainly of domestic origin, were studied by PCR-RFLP analysis of rDNA 5.8S-ITS fragment, molecular karyotyping, and Southern hybridization. Molecular analysis revealed that all the strains belonged to the species S. cerevisiae. According to the karyotypic analysis, many of the strains were aneuploid.(More)
The review deals with the early studies of Saccharomyces paradoxus (syn. S. cerevisiae var. tetrasporus) yeast. The data demonstrate strong evidence that, in contrast to the well-known cultivated Saccharomyces yeasts (baker, wine, spirits, and beer yeast), wild Saccharomyces yeasts are often found in natural habitats, such as exudate and leaf litter of(More)
Twelve strains representing five novel yeast species were isolated from natural samples distributed in mountain areas in Taiwan during 2007 and 2009. Sequence analysis of the D1/D2 domain of the large subunit (LSU) rRNA gene revealed that these species are members of the Cyberlindnera clade. These five new species have a greater than 1% difference from(More)
A novel methanol assimilating yeast species Komagataella kurtzmanii is described using the type strain VKPM Y-727 (=KBP Y-2878 = UCD-FST 76-20 = Starmer #75-208.2 = CBS 12817 = NRRL Y-63667) isolated by W.T. Starmer from a fir flux in the Catalina Mountains, Southern AZ, USA. The new species is registered in MycoBank under MB 803919. The species was(More)
The review is dedicated to the molecular genetics of yeast α-glucosidases: the maltase and isomaltase isozymes. Comparative analysis of the genome sequence of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288C using the isomaltase gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae ATCC56960 revealed a new family of polymeric isomaltase genes IMA1-IMA5 located in the telomeric regions(More)
A phenomenon of ascospore death was observed in a number of Schizosaccharomyces pombe interstrain hybrids. Meiotic recombination of the control parental auxotrophic markers was, however, observed in random ascospore analysis. Genetic and molecular biological data indicated existence of at least geographical divergence of the genomes in Sch. pombe(More)
The thermotolerant strain 1-IR was isolated as a contaminant microflora of the industrial strain “Red” (the Netherlands) during the study of the baker’s yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The strain was assigned to the species Ogataea parapolymorpha by sequencing the 26S rDNA D1/D2 domain. The strain 1-IR was shown to be capable of efficient glucose and xylose(More)
106 Kluyveromyces lactis is the second (after Saccharoo myces cerevisiae) object of fundamental and applied studies of yeast [1–6]. The ability of these yeasts to ferr ment lactose contained in dairy industry waste prodd ucts is of a great importance. Previously, we demonn strated [7] that the polymeric LAC1 and LAC2 loci (that were earlier found by Herman(More)