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On the basis of genetic analysis, molecular karyotyping and sequence analyses of the 18S rRNA and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region, three new Saccharomyces species are described, Saccharomyces cariocanus (with type strain NCYC 2890T), Saccharomyces kudriavzevii (with type strain NCYC 2889T) and Saccharomyces mikatae (with type strain NCYC 2888T).(More)
Using genetic hybridisation analysis and molecular karyotyping we revealed an association of Saccharomyces bayanus var. uvarum species with Tokaj wine-making. Along with identification of Saccharomyces strains isolated by E. Minárik in Slovakia, the composition of Tokaj populations in Hungary was studied. Twenty-eight Hungarian Saccharomyces strains were(More)
In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the gene functions required to ferment the disaccharide maltose are encoded by the MAL loci. Any one of five highly sequence homologous MAL loci identified in various S. cerevisiae strains (called MAL1, 2, 3, 4 and 6) is sufficient to ferment maltose. Each is a complex of three genes encoding maltose permease, maltase and a(More)
Using genetic and flow cytometric analyses, we showed that wine strain S6U is an allotetraploid of S. cerevisiae x S. bayanus. Hybrid constitution of the strain and its meiotic segregants was confirmed by Southern hybridization analysis of their chromosomal DNAs using four S. cerevisiae cloned genes: LYS2 (chr. II), TRK1 (chr. X), ARG4 (chr. VIII), ACT1(More)
The comparative chromosomal locations of polymeric beta-fructosidase SUC genes have been determined by Southern blot hybridization with the SUC2 probe in 91 different strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Most of the strains exhibited a single SUC2 gene, but in some strains two or three SUC genes were found. All Suc- strains carried a silent suc2(zero)(More)
Using genetic hybridization analysis, electrophoretic karyotyping and PCR-RFLP of the MET2 gene, we found that the yeast Saccharomyces bayanus var. uvarum is associated with certain types of wines produced in the Val de Loire, Sauternes, and Jurancon regions. The average frequency of appearance of this yeast in the three regions of France was 41, 7 and 77%,(More)
Genomes of 36 Saccharomyces distillers’ strains, mainly of domestic origin, were studied by PCR-RFLP analysis of rDNA 5.8S-ITS fragment, molecular karyotyping, and Southern hybridization. Molecular analysis revealed that all the strains belonged to the species S. cerevisiae. According to the karyotypic analysis, many of the strains were aneuploid.(More)
Genetic hybridization, sequence and karyotypic analyses of natural Saccharomyces yeasts isolated in different regions of Taiwan revealed three biological species: Saccharomyces arboricola, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Saccharomyces kudriavzevii. Intraspecies variability of the D1/D2 and ITS1 rDNA sequences was detected among S. cerevisiae and S.(More)
Genetic hybridization and karyotypic analyses revealed the biological species Saccharomyces paradoxus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae in exudates from North American oaks for the first time. In addition, two strains collected from elm flux and from Drosophila by Phaff in 1961 and 1952 were reidentified as S. paradoxus. Each strain studied showed a unique(More)
Partial genetic isolation of two Saccharomyces bayanus varieties, S. bayanus var. bayanus and S. bayanus var. uvarum comb. nov., was established by hybridological analysis. The hybrids of these two varieties were semisterile: their ascospores were characterized by low survival. Earlier, the new variety was described as a group of cryophilic wine yeast(More)