Genila M Bibat

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We describe three cases of the rare syndrome of leukoencephalopathy, brain calcifications, and cysts. Conventional MRI, proton spectroscopy, and diffusion-weighted imaging yielded additional information on the disease. Imaging findings favor increased water content rather than a demyelinating process in the pathophysiology of this disease. Clinical features(More)
BACKGROUND While behavioural abnormalities are fundamental features of Rett syndrome (RTT), few studies have examined the RTT behavioural phenotype. Most of these reports have focused on autistic features, linked to the early regressive phase of the disorder, and few studies have applied standardised behavioural measures. We used a battery of standardised(More)
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is a progressive neuromuscular disorder caused by contractions of repetitive elements within the macrosatellite D4Z4 on chromosome 4q35. The pathophysiology of FSHD is unknown and, as a result, there is currently no effective treatment available for this disease. To better understand the pathophysiology of FSHD(More)
To explore possible mechanisms of pathology in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD), we generated a novel library of myogenic cells composed of paired cultures derived from FSHD subjects and unaffected first-degree relatives. We prepared cells from biopsies of both biceps and deltoid muscles obtained from each of 10 FSHD and 9 unaffected donors. We(More)
We report 19 patients with a previously undelineated neurodegenerative syndrome characterized by episodic acute onset of irritability or neurological deficits between 2 months and 3.5 years of age, followed by steady or intermittent clinical deterioration. Seven children died between 11 months and 14 years of age. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)(More)
Methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 is a characteristic member of the methyl-CpG-binding protein family of transcription regulators. In conjunction with Sin3, MeCP2 recruits class I histone deacetylases to methyl-CpG regions to suppress transcription. Rett syndrome, a disorder characterized by mental retardation and autistic features, is associated in a majority(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Previous studies have examined volumetric abnormalities in Rett syndrome (RTT), using MR imaging and focusing on selective changes. However, these studies preceded the identification of MECP2 as the gene mutated in most RTT cases. We studied regional brain volume changes as noted by MR imaging in girls with RTT who had mutations in(More)
Most cases of Rett syndrome are associated with mutations in the coding region of MECP2. Here we characterized a novel MeCP2 immunoreactivity, initially detected in normal cerebral cortex, by using a panel of MeCP2 antibodies and a combination of immunochemical techniques. We found that a novel higher-molecular-weight form (approximately 100 kDa) of MeCP2(More)
X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is a progressive peroxisomal disorder affecting adrenal glands, testes and myelin stability that is caused by mutations in the ABCD1 (NM_000033) gene. Males with X-ALD may be diagnosed by the demonstration of elevated very long chain fatty acid (VLCFA) levels in plasma. In contrast, only 80% of female carriers have(More)
OBJECTIVE Brain metabolism, as studied by magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), has been previously shown to be abnormal in Rett syndrome (RTT). This study reports the relation of MRS findings to age, disease severity, and genotype. METHODS Forty RTT girls (1-14 years old) and 12 age-matched control subjects were examined. Single-voxel proton MRS of left(More)