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It has been assumed, based largely on morphologic evidence, that human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) contain underdeveloped, bioenergetically inactive mitochondria. In contrast, differentiated cells harbour a branched mitochondrial network with oxidative phosphorylation as the main energy source. A role for mitochondria in hPSC bioenergetics and in cell(More)
RNA import into mammalian mitochondria is considered essential for replication, transcription, and translation of the mitochondrial genome but the pathway(s) and factors that control this import are poorly understood. Previously, we localized polynucleotide phosphorylase (PNPASE), a 3' --> 5' exoribonuclease and poly-A polymerase, in the mitochondrial(More)
BACKGROUND There are several methods for postoperative analgesia for knee surgery. The commonly utilized method is multimodal analgesia based on continuous femoral nerve block. The aim of this study was to investigate the application of continuous adductor canal block for analgesia after total knee replacement and compare this method with continuous femoral(More)
Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC) of the esophagus is a rare carcinoma with distinct characteristics. No standard treatment has been established. This retrospective study was designed to investigate the clinical and pathological characteristics, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of esophageal BSCC. Clinical data were retrospectively analyzed from 26(More)
The mitochondrial genome encodes a very small fraction of the macromolecular components that are required to generate functional mitochondria. Therefore, most components are encoded within the nuclear genome and are imported into mitochondria from the cytosol. Understanding how mitochondria are assembled, function, and dysfunction in diseases requires(More)
Mutations in the human mitochondrial genome are implicated in neuromuscular diseases, metabolic defects, and aging. An efficient and simple mechanism for neutralizing deleterious mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) alterations has unfortunately remained elusive. Here, we report that a 20-ribonucleotide stem-loop sequence from the H1 RNA, the RNA component of the(More)
High salinity causes growth inhibition and shoot bleaching in plants that do not tolerate high salt (glycophytes), including most crops. The molecules affected directly by salt and linking the extracellular stimulus to intracellular responses remain largely unknown. Here, we demonstrate that rice (Oryza sativa) Salt Intolerance 1 (SIT1), a lectin(More)
Studies have showed an association between type 2 diabetes and breast cancer in Western countries. The association should be confirmed in an Asian population which has a lower incidence of breast cancer. Our study aimed to compare the clinicopathologic characteristics of breast cancers in women with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus in China. Each group(More)
INTRODUCTION More data are essential to test the efficacy of the seventh edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). This retrospective study was designed to identify the prognostic factors for survival of patients with ESCC who underwent surgical resection alone and to evaluate the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM To evaluate the effect of myopia on retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness measurement by using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (Cirrus HD OCT) and scanning laser polarimetry with enhanced corneal compensator (GDx ECC). METHODS One hundred and forty-nine eyes of 149 myopic subjects were recruited and subdivided into three(More)