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It has been assumed, based largely on morphologic evidence, that human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) contain underdeveloped, bioenergetically inactive mitochondria. In contrast, differentiated cells harbour a branched mitochondrial network with oxidative phosphorylation as the main energy source. A role for mitochondria in hPSC bioenergetics and in cell(More)
Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC) of the esophagus is a rare carcinoma with distinct characteristics. No standard treatment has been established. This retrospective study was designed to investigate the clinical and pathological characteristics, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of esophageal BSCC. Clinical data were retrospectively analyzed from 26(More)
RNA import into mammalian mitochondria is considered essential for replication, transcription, and translation of the mitochondrial genome but the pathway(s) and factors that control this import are poorly understood. Previously, we localized polynucleotide phosphorylase (PNPASE), a 3' --> 5' exoribonuclease and poly-A polymerase, in the mitochondrial(More)
Spontaneous rupture of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a life-threatening condition; the mechanism is not clear but it is suggested that rupture is usually preceded by rapid expansion of the tumour secondary to bleeding from within its substance. Diagnosis may be made by abdominal paracentesis, ultrasonography, computed tomography or angiography; the(More)
BACKGROUND There are several methods for postoperative analgesia for knee surgery. The commonly utilized method is multimodal analgesia based on continuous femoral nerve block. The aim of this study was to investigate the application of continuous adductor canal block for analgesia after total knee replacement and compare this method with continuous femoral(More)
High salinity causes growth inhibition and shoot bleaching in plants that do not tolerate high salt (glycophytes), including most crops. The molecules affected directly by salt and linking the extracellular stimulus to intracellular responses remain largely unknown. Here, we demonstrate that rice (Oryza sativa) Salt Intolerance 1 (SIT1), a lectin(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM To evaluate the effect of myopia on retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness measurement by using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (Cirrus HD OCT) and scanning laser polarimetry with enhanced corneal compensator (GDx ECC). METHODS One hundred and forty-nine eyes of 149 myopic subjects were recruited and subdivided into three(More)
Chronic diarrhea is a common bowel disorder; disturbance of intestinal microorganisms may play a role in its pathogenesis. This study assessed the clinical efficacy of lyophilized, heat-killed Lactobacillus acidophilus LB versus living lactobacilli in the treatment of chronic diarrhea. One hundred thirty-seven patients with chronic diarrhea were randomly(More)
More studies are needed to clarify treatments and prognosis of early esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). This retrospective study was designed to review the outcome of surgical treatment for early ESCC, evaluate the results of a left thoracotomy for selected patients with early ESCC, and identify factors affecting lymph node metastases and survival.(More)
INTRODUCTION Lymphovascular invasion (LVI) is a histopathological feature that is associated with an increased risk for micrometastasis. The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic and staging value of LVI among patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) undergoing esophagectomy. METHODS A prospective database of patients with ESCC(More)