Genevieve A. Napper

Learn More
The aim of this study was to determine the minimum daily period of exposure to normal visual stimulation required to prevent occlusion induced myopia in chicks. Chicks were treated with monocular translucent occlusion in a 12 hr light/12 hr dark cycle. Occluders were removed for 0 (constant occlusion), 15, 20, 30, 40, 60, 75, 90, 120, 150, 240 or 720 (no(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether an integrator of neural activity influences the amount of myopia and axial elongation resulting from deprivation of form vision. The effects on ocular parameters of a continuous period of 30 min per day of normal vision was compared to two exposures of 15 min duration each, or three exposures of 10 min each.(More)
Glutamate (E) is the putative amino acid neurotransmitter used by ganglion cells, photoreceptors, and bipolar cells. Aspartate (D) and glutamine (Q) are potential precursors of glutamate, and glutamate-utilizing neurons may use one or more of these amino acids to sustain production of glutamate. We used post-embedding immunocytochemistry for several amino(More)
Glutamate and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) are the dominant amino acids in the retina and brain. The manufacturing and degradation pathways of both of these amino acids are intricately linked with the tricarboxylic acid cycle leading to rapid redistribution of these amino acids after metabolic insult. Postmortem ischemia in mammalian retina predominantly(More)
The high-affinity uptake of glutamate by glial cells and neurons of the central nervous system, including the retina, serves to inactivate synaptically released glutamate and maintains glutamate at low concentrations in the extracellular space. This uptake prevents accumulation of glutamate extracellularly and thus minimizes the possibility of glutamate(More)
Glutamate and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) are two of the dominant neurotransmitters in the retina and brain. The production/degradation of glutamate and GABA involves an intricate interrelationship between neurons and glia, as well as aerobic and anaerobic metabolic pathways. The aim of this work was to develop an in vitro model of retinal(More)
Conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) are considered to be the third most common ocular tumour and the most common tumour of the ocular surface. Due to their malignant potential, they must be carefully differentially and promptly treated. A recurrence rate of approximately 30% leads to the need for monitoring of patients even after successful(More)
Systemic hypertension is an important public health concern. If optometrists are to perform a more active role in the detection and monitoring of high blood pressure (BP), there is a need to improve the consistency of describing the retinal vasculature and to assess patient's ability to correctly report the diagnosis of hypertension, its control and(More)
The emergence of a novel influenza A virus (Influenza A[H1N1]), which has not circulated previously in humans, has led to the first global influenza pandemic in 41 years. Influenza A(H1N1), commonly called 'swine flu', is a novel influenza virus made up of porcine, avian and human genes, and preferentially infects younger people. Although Influenza A(H1N1)(More)
AIM Contrast sensitivity (CS) provides important information on visual function. This study aimed to assess differences in clinical expediency of the CS increment-matched new back-lit and original paper versions of the Melbourne Edge Test (MET) to determine the CS of the visually impaired. METHODS The back-lit and paper MET were administered to 75(More)