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Heat shock proteins (Hsp) are involved in protein folding, transport and stress resistance. Studies reporting an increased mRNA level of hsp genes in aged Drosophila suggest that expression of Hsp might be beneficial in preventing damages induced by aging. Because oxidative damage is often observed in aged organisms and mitochondria are sensitive to(More)
Drosophila melanogaster has four main small heat shock proteins (Hsps), D. melanogaster Hsp22 (DmHsp22), Hsp23 (DmHsp23), Hsp26 (DmHsp26), and Hsp27 (DmHsp27). These proteins, although they have high sequence homology, show distinct developmental expression patterns. The function(s) of each small heat shock protein is unknown. DmHsp22 is shown to localize(More)
Heat shock proteins (Hsps) are conserved molecular chaperones that are upregulated following exposure to environmental stress and during aging. The mechanisms underlying the aging process are only beginning to be understood. The beneficial effects of Hsps on aging revealed in mild stress and overexpression experiments suggest that these proteins are part of(More)
Wound healing conditions generate a stressful environment for the cells involved in the regeneration process and are therefore postulated to influence the expression of heat shock proteins (Hsps). We have examined the expression of four Hsps (Hsp27, Hsp60, Hsp70 and Hsp90) and a keratin (keratin 6) by immunohistochemistry during cutaneous wound repair from(More)
Induction of heat shock proteins (Hsps) is often associated with a cellular response to a harmful stress or to adverse life conditions. The main aims of the present study were (1) to assess if stress-induced Hsp70 could be used to monitor exposure of the earthworm species Lumbricus terrestris to various soil pollutants, (2) to assess the specificity of(More)
Aging is characterized by the accumulation of dysfunctional mitochondria. Since these organelles are involved in many important cellular processes, different mechanisms exist to maintain their integrity. Among them is the mitochondrial unfolding protein response, which triggers the expression of a set of proteins aimed at re-establishing mitochondrial(More)
The most common clinical tachycardia, Atrial Fibrillation (AF), is a progressive disease, caused by cardiomyocyte remodeling, which finally results in contractile dysfunction and AF persistence. Recently, we identified a protective role of heat shock proteins (HSPs), especially the small HSPB1 member, against tachycardia remodeling in experimental AF(More)
Aging is a well regulated biological process involving oxidative stress and macromolecular damages. Three main pathways have been shown to influence lifespan, the insulin/insulin-like growth factor-1 pathway, the silent regulator pathway, and the target of rapamycin pathway. Among many proteins influencing lifespan, two transcription factors, FOXO and the(More)
The Drosophila melanogaster family of small heat shock proteins (sHsps) is composed of 4 main members (Hsp22, Hsp23, Hsp26, and Hsp27) that display distinct intracellular localization and specific developmental patterns of expression in the absence of stress. In an attempt to determine their function, we have examined whether these 4 proteins have(More)
The workshop was entitled “The Small HSP World” and had the mission to bring together investigators studying small heat shock proteins (sHSPs). It was held at Le Bonne Entente in Quebec City (Quebec, Canada) from October 2 to October 5 2014. Forty-four scientists from 14 different countries attended this workshop of the Cell Stress Society International(More)