Geneviève Langlois

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There is a need for better understanding of the biocompatibility of alginate-polycation microcapsules based on their physicochemical characteristics. Microcapsules composed of alginate with 44% (IntG) or 71% (HiG) guluronate, gelled with calcium (Ca) or barium (Ba) and coated with poly-L-lysine (PLL) or poly-l-ornithine (PLO), followed by IntG alginate were(More)
Alginate remains the most popular polymer used for cell encapsulation, yet its biocompatibility is inconsistent. Two commercially available alginates were compared, one with 71% guluronate (HiG), and the other with 44% (IntG). Both alginates were purified, and their purities were verified. After 2 days in the peritoneal cavity of C57BL/6J mice, barium(More)
Alginate is widely used for cell microencapsulation and transplantation. There is a lack of standardization of alginate purity and composition. In a previous study, we compared different alginate purification methods and concluded that polyphenol and endotoxin contaminants were eliminated efficiently but residual protein contaminants persisted with all of(More)
Alginate purification has been shown to decrease the host immune response to implanted alginate-based microcapsules, but the direct effect of contaminants on islet cell survival remains unknown. Wistar rat islets were immobilized in calcium alginate beads made with crude vs. purified alginate and then incubated in CMRL culture medium. Islet survival was(More)
CD47 is a ubiquitously expressed molecule which has been attributed a role in many cellular processes. Its role in preventing cellular phagocytosis has defined CD47 as an obligatory self-molecule providing a 'don't-eat-me-signal'. Additionally, CD47-CD172a interactions are important for cellular trafficking. Yet, the contribution of CD47 to T cell(More)
Synopsis A new method is described for studying the in vivo formation of oxygen reactive species (free radicals) in humans after exposure to UV radiation. The procedure is based on the quantitative determination in urine of (i) metabolic products of pentane, a hydrocarbon formed during lipid peroxidation, and (ii) thymine hydroxylated bases and(More)
Stem cells and immortalized cells have considerable therapeutic potential but present risks of malignant transformation. Cell microencapsulation allows transplantation without immunosuppression. We have developed a method for microencapsulating living cells within covalently cross-linked membranes that are chemically and mechanically extremely resistant. We(More)
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