Geneviève Conéjéro

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Two allelic recessive mutations of Arabidopsis, sas2-1 and sas2-2, were identified as inducing sodium overaccumulation in shoots. The sas2 locus was found (by positional cloning) to correspond to the AtHKT1 gene. Expression in Xenopus oocytes revealed that the sas2-1 mutation did not affect the ionic selectivity of the transporter but strongly reduced the(More)
AKT1, a putative inwardly directed K+ channel of Arabidopsis, restores long-term potassium uptake in a yeast mutant defective in K+ absorption. In this paper, the expression pattern of the gene encoding AKT1 is described. Northern blots indicate that AKT1 transcripts are preferentially accumulated in Arabidopsis roots. Owing to the difficulties in producing(More)
Plants take up iron from the soil using the iron-regulated transporter 1 (IRT1) high-affinity iron transporter at the root surface. Sophisticated regulatory mechanisms allow plants to tightly control the levels of IRT1, ensuring optimal absorption of essential but toxic iron. Here, we demonstrate that overexpression of Arabidopsis thaliana IRT1 leads to(More)
A combined bioinformatic and experimental approach is being used to uncover the functions of a novel family of cation/H(+) exchanger (CHX) genes in plants using Arabidopsis as a model. The predicted protein (85-95 kD) of 28 AtCHX genes after revision consists of an amino-terminal domain with 10 to 12 transmembrane spans (approximately 440 residues) and a(More)
In cells, anthocyanin pigments are synthesized at the cytoplasmic surface of the endoplasmic reticulum, and are then transported and finally accumulated inside the vacuole. In Vitis vinifera (grapevine), two kinds of molecular actors are putatively associated with the vacuolar sequestration of anthocyanins: a glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and two(More)
Plant growth under low K(+) availability or salt stress requires tight control of K(+) and Na(+) uptake, long-distance transport, and accumulation. The family of membrane transporters named HKT (for High-Affinity K(+) Transporters), permeable either to K(+) and Na(+) or to Na(+) only, is thought to play major roles in these functions. Whereas Arabidopsis(More)
The two main features of plant hyper-accumulator species are the massive translocation of heavy metal ions to the aerial parts and their tolerance to such high metal concentrations. Recently, several lines of evidence have indicated a role for nicotianamine (NA) in metal homeostasis, through the chelation and transport of NA-metal complexes. The function of(More)
The Arabidopsis genome contains many sequences annotated as encoding H(+)-coupled cotransporters. Among those are the members of the cation:proton antiporter-2 (CPA2) family (or CHX family), predicted to encode Na(+),K(+)/H(+) antiporters. AtCHX17, a member of the CPA2 family, was selected for expression studies, and phenotypic analysis of knockout mutants(More)
Deciphering how cellular iron (Fe) pools are formed, where they are localized, and which ones are remobilized represents an important challenge to better understand Fe homeostasis. The recent development of imaging techniques, adapted to plants, has helped gain insight into these events. We have analyzed the localization of Fe during embryo development in(More)
To investigate environmental stimuli involved in the modulation of drought-induced gene expression, the influence of the day/night cycle on the expression of two dehydrin genes (HaDhn1 and HaDhn2) in leaves of sunflowers subjected to mild or severe drought stress has been studied. It was observed that the HaDhn1, but not HaDhn2, transcript oscillated in a(More)