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Silencing of Wnt antagonists with aberrant activation of Wnt signaling is a common phenomenon in various human cancers. Wnt inhibitory factor-1 (WIF-1) is a secreted antagonist of Wnt signaling and acts through direct binding to Wnt in the extracellular space. In this study, we tried to illuminate the impact of WIF-1 gene expression in melanoma with WIF-1(More)
Barrett's associated oesophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) is one of the most rapidly increasing malignancies in Western countries. Because of its poor prognosis, management of this disease through screening of Barrett's oesophagus (BE) patients and identification of those with a high risk of developing an adenocarcinoma seems a promising approach. Early(More)
BACKGROUND There is increasing interest in DNA methylation and in its implication in transcriptional gene silencing, a phenomenon commonly seen in human cancer. AIMS To develop a new method that would allow quantitative DNA methylation analysis in a large range of clinical samples, independently of the processing protocol. METHODS A methylation(More)
Aberrant activation of the Wnt signaling pathway has been reported during neoplastic progression in Barrett's esophagus (BE). However, mutations in APC and CTNNB1 genes were rarely observed. In this study, expression pattern of Wnt ligands, Frizzled receptors and APC, as well as the methylation status of the APC, SFRP1 and SFRP2 promoter genes were(More)
The role of Wnt antagonists in the carcinogenesis of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) remains unclear. We hypothesized that downregulation of the Wnt inhibitory factor-1 (WIF-1) might be involved in the neoplastic progression of Barrett's esophagus (BE). We analyzed the DNA methylation status of the WIF-1 promoter in normal, preneoplastic, and neoplastic(More)
The last few years have seen a growing interest in the study of DNA methylation because of its now acknowledged implication in cancer. The use of bisulfite to convert unmethylated cytosine to uracil, even as methylated cytosine remains unchanged, constitutes the basis for differentiating between methylated and unmethylated specific CpG sites in CpG islands.(More)
Wnt inhibitory factor-1 (WIF-1) is a secreted protein that antagonizes Wnt signaling. We recently demonstrated the importance of aberrant activation of the Wnt signaling pathway in various cancers including malignant pleural mesothelioma. In this study, we revealed downregulated WIF-1 expression in cell lines and primary tissue when compared to normal(More)
Adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) promoter hypermethylation has been reported frequently in normal gastric mucosa, but it remained to be clarified whether this occurs in every individual. In this study, methylation of the APC promoter was analyzed in histologically normal-appearing gastric mucosa samples by methylation-sensitive single-strand conformation(More)