Geneviève Chabot-Roy

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CD47 and signal regulatory protein (SIRP) interactions have been proposed to take part in autoimmune disease susceptibility. Importantly, a recent genome-wide association study for type 1 diabetes susceptibility highlighted the association of the 20p13 region comprising the SIRP cluster, where some of the SIRP proteins encode functional ligands to CD47.(More)
Regulatory T cells appear to show great potential for use in cellular therapy. In particular, CD4(-)CD8(-) (double negative (DN)) T cells, which compose 1-3% of the total number of T lymphocytes, exhibit prominent antigen-specific immune tolerance properties and confer immune tolerance in models of allografts and xenografts. We have recently shown that(More)
Streptococcus suis serotype 2 is an important swine pathogen responsible for diverse infections, mainly meningitis. Virulence factors and the pathogenesis of infection are not well understood. Neutrophils may play an important role in the pathogenesis of infection given that infiltration by neutrophils and mononuclear cells are frequently observed in(More)
Type 1 (T1D) and type 2 (T2D) diabetes share pathophysiological characteristics, yet mechanistic links have remained elusive. T1D results from autoimmune destruction of pancreatic beta cells, whereas beta cell failure in T2D is delayed and progressive. Here we find a new genetic component of diabetes susceptibility in T1D non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice,(More)
Construction nearby animal houses has sporadically been reported to affect various aspects of animal health. Most of the reports have focussed on the impact on stress hormone levels and the hypersensitivity of animals relative to humans. There has also been an anecdotal report on the impact of construction on autoimmune diabetes in NOD mice. Here, we(More)
CD47 is a ubiquitously expressed molecule which has been attributed a role in many cellular processes. Its role in preventing cellular phagocytosis has defined CD47 as an obligatory self-molecule providing a 'don't-eat-me-signal'. Additionally, CD47-CD172a interactions are important for cellular trafficking. Yet, the contribution of CD47 to T cell(More)
Immunoregulatory T cells have been identified as key modulators of peripheral tolerance and participate in preventing autoimmune diseases. CD4(-)CD8(-) (double negative, DN) T cells compose one of these immunoregulatory T-cell subsets, where the injection of DN T cells confers protection from autoimmune diabetes progression. Interestingly, genetic loci(More)
Immunoregulatory CD4(-)  CD8(-) (double-negative; DN) T cells exhibit a unique antigen-specific mode of suppression, yet the ontogeny of DN T cells remains enigmatic. We have recently shown that 3A9 T-cell receptor (TCR) transgenic mice bear a high proportion of immunoregulatory 3A9 DN T cells, facilitating their study. The 3A9 TCR is positively selected on(More)
Autoimmune diseases result from a break in immune tolerance. Various mechanisms of peripheral tolerance can protect against autoimmunity, including immunoregulatory CD4(-)CD8(-) double-negative (DN) T cells. Indeed, we have previously shown that diabetes-prone mouse strains exhibit a low proportion of DN T cells relative to that of diabetes-resistant mice,(More)
NOD.H2(k) and NOD.H2(h4) mice carry the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecule I-A(k) associated with susceptibility to experimentally induced thyroiditis. Dietary iodine-enhanced spontaneous thyroid autoimmunity, well known in NOD.H2(h4) mice, has not been investigated in NOD.H2(k) mice. We compared NOD.H2(h4) and NOD.H2(k) strains for(More)