Gene P. Siegal

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PURPOSE To determine whether the addition of ifosfamide and/or muramyl tripeptide (MTP) encapsulated in liposomes to cisplatin, doxorubicin, and high-dose methotrexate (HDMTX) could improve the probability for event-free survival (EFS) in newly diagnosed patients with osteosarcoma (OS). PATIENTS AND METHODS Six hundred seventy-seven patients with OS(More)
Fibroblasts consist of heterogeneous subpopulations that have distinct roles in fibrotic responses. Previously we reported enhanced proliferation in response to fibrogenic growth factors and selective activation of latent transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta in fibroblasts lacking cell surface expression of Thy-1 glycoprotein, suggesting that Thy-1(More)
PURPOSE To compare three-drug chemotherapy with cisplatin, doxorubicin, and methotrexate with four-drug chemotherapy with cisplatin, doxorubicin, methotrexate, and ifosfamide for the treatment of osteosarcoma. To determine whether the addition of muramyl tripeptide (MTP) to chemotherapy enhances event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival in newly(More)
Calcium entry into myocytes drives contraction of the embryonic heart. To prepare for the next contraction, myocytes must extrude calcium from intracellular space via the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX1) or sequester it into the sarcoplasmic reticulum, via the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase2 (SERCA2). In mammals, defective calcium extrusion correlates with(More)
The adenovirus (Ad) is a useful vector for cancer gene therapy due to its unparalleled gene transfer efficiency to dividing and quiescent cells. Primary cancer cells, however, often have highly variable or low levels of the requisite coxsackie-adenovirus receptor (CAR). Also, assessment of gene transfer and vector persistence has been logistically difficult(More)
Prostate carcinomas often present an autocrine stimulatory loop in which the transformed cells both express the EGF receptor (EGFR) and produce activating ligands (TGFα and EGF forms). Up-regulated EGFR signalling has been correlated with tumor progression in other human neoplasia; however, the cell behaviour which is promoted remains undefined. To(More)
Alternative and complementary therapeutic strategies need to be developed for metastatic breast cancer. Virotherapy is a novel therapeutic approach for the treatment of cancer in which the replicating virus itself is the anticancer agent. However, the success of virotherapy has been limited due to inefficient virus delivery to the tumor site. The present(More)
Osteosarcoma is the most common primary tumor of bone, yet its absolute incidence among malignant tumors is low. Within its strict histologic definition, osteosarcoma comprises a family of lesions with considerable diversity in histologic features and grade. Its prognosis is dependent not only on these parameters, but also on its anatomic site. It may occur(More)
A new method has been developed for identifying blood vessel capillaries and distinguishing them from lymphatic capillaries. Highly purified antibodies to two ubiquitous components of basement membrane--Type IV collagen and laminin--were applied to fresh-frozen and formalin-fixed tissue sections rich in blood vessel capillaries (granulation tissue), rich in(More)
The purpose of this Phase I study was to determine the feasibility of using an anti-erbB-2-encoding adenovirus (Ad21) to treat erbB-2-overexpressing ovarian cancer. Recurrent ovarian cancer patients were treated i.p. with Ad21 in dosages ranging from 1 x 10(9) to 1 x 10(11) pfu. Patients were monitored after treatment for evidence of clinical toxicity and(More)