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Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a heterogenous group of genetic disorders of bone fragility. OI type V is an autosomal-dominant disease characterized by calcification of the forearm interosseous membrane, radial head dislocation, a subphyseal metaphyseal radiodense line, and hyperplastic callus formation; the causative mutation involved in this disease has(More)
Electrospinning of type I collagen in 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-propanol (HFIP) to fabricate a biomimetic nanofibrous extracellular matrix for tissue engineering was investigated. The average diameter of collagen nanofibers electrospun from 8% collagen solution in HFIP was 460 nm (range of 100-1200 nm). The as-spun collagen nanofibrous matrix was chemically(More)
An electrospinning method was used to fabricate silk fibroin (SF) nanofiber nonwovens for cell culture of normal human keratinocytes and fibroblasts. The electrospinning of regenerated SF was performed with formic acid as a spinning solvent. For insolubilization, as-spun SF nanofiber nonwovens were chemically treated with an aqueous methanol solution of(More)
Caveolin-1, a tumor suppressor gene, was found to be inactivated by structural abnormalities or epigenetic changes in several types of human cancers. In order to investigate the role of Caveolin-1 in the pathogenesis of human oral squamous cell carcinoma, the exon 1 and 3 sequences of the Caveolin-1 were investigated in 74 oral squamous cell carcinomas and(More)
Hertwig's epithelial root sheath (HERS), epithelial rests of Malassez (ERM) cells, and reduced ameloblasts undergo apoptosis during tooth development. This study examined the effects of dental follicle cells and cementoblasts on the apoptosis of ameloblast-lineage and HERS/ERM cells derived from the enamel organ. We also elucidated the induction pathways(More)
Serial subculture of primary normal human oral keratinocytes (NHOKs) to the post-mitotic stage induces terminal differentiation, which is in part linked to elevated levels of phospholipase C (PLC)-gamma1. Therefore, PLC-gamma1 may be involved in the signal transduction system that leads to the calcium regulation of subculture-induced keratinocyte(More)
It is well known that interactions between epithelial components and mesenchymal components are essential for tooth development. Therefore, it has been postulated that both types of stem cells might be involved in the regeneration of dental hard tissues. Recently, mesenchymal dental pulp stem cells that have odontogenic potential were identified from human(More)
Prostaglandin (PG) E2, a major product of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, acts as an immunomodulator at the maternal-fetal interface during pregnancy. It exerts biologic function through interaction with E-prostanoid (EP) receptors localized to the placenta. The activation of the COX-2/PGE2/EP signal pathway can alter the expression of the ATP-binding cassette(More)
OBJECTIVE To suggest an alternative strategy for deriving histocompatible stems cells without undertaking genetic manipulation. DESIGN Prospective approach using an animal model. SETTING Stem cell and bioevaluation laboratory, Seoul National University. ANIMAL(S) F1 (C57BL6 X DBA2) and outbred (ICR) mice. INTERVENTION(S) Ovarian stroma cells of less(More)
Hertwig's epithelial root sheath/Epithelial rests of Malassez (HERS/ERM) cells are unique epithelial cells in the periodontal ligament. They remain in periodontal tissues through-out the adult life, and it is expected that their functional role is to maintain the homeostasis of the periodontium through reciprocal interactions with other periodontal cells.(More)