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STUDY DESIGN Prospective single-group repeated-measures design. OBJECTIVES To quantify electromyographic (EMG) muscle activity of the infraspinatus, teres minor, supraspinatus, posterior deltoid, and middle deltoid during exercises commonly used to strengthen the shoulder external rotators. BACKGROUND Exercises to strengthen the external rotators are(More)
BACKGROUND The floor-reaction ankle-foot orthosis is commonly prescribed for children with cerebral palsy who walk with excessive ankle dorsiflexion and excessive knee flexion during the stance phase of gait. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of this orthosis objectively and to identify clinical parameters that may compromise its(More)
BACKGROUND According to the most recent data, an estimated 17.1% of children in the United States are obese. We found no published studies documenting the prevalence of obesity in ambulatory children with cerebral palsy. The purpose of this study was to document the prevalence of obesity in ambulatory children with cerebral palsy and examine the trend in(More)
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