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Opioid addiction and HIV disease frequently co-occur. Adverse drug interactions have been reported between methadone and some HIV medications, but less is known about interactions between buprenorphine, an opioid partial agonist used to treat opioid dependence, and HIV therapeutics. This study examined drug interactions between buprenorphine and the(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To determine if milk thistle (silymarin) alters the pharmacokinetics of indinavir. DESIGN Sequential crossover trial. SETTING General clinical research center. SUBJECTS Ten healthy subjects. INTERVENTION Indinavir 800 mg 3 times/day was given for four doses on days 1 and 2. Silymarin 160 mg 3 times/day was given on days 3-15. On day(More)
OBJECTIVE Methylphenidate (MPH), the most commonly prescribed drug for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), has a short half-life, which necessitates multiple daily doses. The need for multiple doses produces problems with medication administration during school and after-school hours, and therefore with compliance. Previous long-acting(More)
Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) are a diverse group of compounds that induce allosteric changes in the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) reverse transcriptase, thus rendering the enzyme incapable of converting viral RNA to DNA. Unlike nucleoside analogue inhibitors of reverse transcriptase, NNRTIs do not require sequential(More)
This study examined drug interactions between buprenorphine, an opioid partial agonist medication used in the treatment of opioid dependence, and the nonnucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) efavirenz (EFV) and delavirdine (DLV). Opioid-dependent, buprenorphine/naloxone-maintained, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-negative volunteers (n=10(More)
2',3'-Dideoxyinosine (ddI) is a purine analogue that after intracellular metabolic conversion suppresses the replication of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We conducted a Phase I dose-escalation study of ddI in 17 patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and 20 patients with AIDS-related complex. The drug was administered twice(More)
OBJECTIVES Efavirenz is widely prescribed for HIV-1 infection, and CYP2B6 polymorphisms 516G→T and 983T→C define efavirenz slow metabolizer genotypes. To identify genetic predictors of higher plasma efavirenz concentrations beyond these two common functional alleles, we characterized associations with mid-dosing interval efavirenz concentrations in 84(More)
OBJECTIVES Prior candidate gene studies have associated CYP2B6 516G→T [rs3745274] and 983T→C [rs28399499] with increased plasma efavirenz exposure. We sought to identify novel variants associated with efavirenz pharmacokinetics. MATERIALS AND METHODS Antiretroviral therapy-naive AIDS Clinical Trials Group studies A5202, A5095, and ACTG 384 included plasma(More)
To evaluate the antiretroviral activity of delavirdine mesylate, a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor of HIV-1, we performed a phase II, randomized, double-blind, multicenter trial comparing the three-drug combination of delavirdine with zidovudine and didanosine to two-drug combinations of these drugs. Patients with CD4 cell counts between 100(More)
We examined drug interactions between buprenorphine, an opioid partial agonist available by prescription for treatment of opioid dependence, and the protease inhibitors (PIs) nelfinavir (NFV), ritonavir (RTV), and lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/R). Opioid-dependent, buprenorphine/naloxone-maintained, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-negative volunteers (n=10(More)