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The movement of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) during flexion of the living knee is unknown. The purpose of the present study was to analyze the movement of the PCL using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The posterior cruciate ligaments in 20 normal knees were visualized using MRI from extension to deep flexion. Sagittal inclination relative to the(More)
Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the lateral femoral condyle sometimes occurs with a discoid lateral meniscus. Recently, it was reported that OCD of the lateral femoral condyle occurred after total removal of the lateral meniscus. We report the case of a 12-year-old boy with bilateral OCD of the lateral femoral condyle following bilateral total removal(More)
In bioelectrochemical systems, the electrode potential is an important parameter affecting the electron flow between electrodes and microbes and microbial metabolic activities. Here, we investigated the metabolic characteristics of a glucose-utilizing strain of engineered Shewanella oneidensis under electrode-respiring conditions in electrochemical reactors(More)
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