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We examined the effect of brefeldin A, an antiviral antibiotic, on protein synthesis, intracellular processing, and secretion in primary culture of rat hepatocytes. The secretion was strongly blocked by the drug at 1 microgram/ml and higher concentrations, while the protein synthesis was maintained fairly well. Pulse-chase experiments with [35S]methionine(More)
Human gastric carcinoma shows a higher prevalence of microsatellite instability (MSI) than does any other type of sporadic human cancer. The reasons for this high frequency of MSI are not yet known. In contrast to endometrial and colorectal carcinoma, mutations of the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes hMLH1 or hMSH2 have not been described in gastric(More)
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this study is to analyze and validate the prognostic impact of the new lung adenocarcinoma (ADC) classification proposed by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer, American Thoracic Society, and European Respiratory Society and invasive tumor size in stage I lung ADC of Japanese patients. METHODS We(More)
INTRODUCTION Risk prediction of gastric cancers is important to implement appropriate screening procedures. Although aberrant DNA methylation is deeply involved in gastric carcinogenesis, its induction by Helicobacter pylori, a strong gastric carcinogen, is unclear. Here, we analyzed the effect of H. pylori infection on the quantity of methylated DNA(More)
BACKGROUND Many deaths from attacks of asthma may be preventable. However, the difficulty in preventing fatal attacks is that not all the pathophysiologic risk factors have been identified. METHODS To examine whether dyspnea and chemosensitivity to hypoxia and hypercapnia are factors in fatal asthma attacks, we studied 11 patients with asthma who had had(More)
Age-related methylation may have the potential to behave as a mutator process. To clarify the physiological consequence of age-related methylation of tumor suppressor and tumor-related genes, we studied promoter methylation status in non-neoplastic cells of various organs obtained at autopsy by methylation-specific PCR. Promoter methylation status of APC,(More)
The molecular mechanism of gastric tumourigenesis has not yet been clarified, although investigators have postulated that differentiated adenocarcinoma may arise from pre-existing adenoma, similarly to the colorectal adenoma-carcinoma sequence. An allelotype analysis has been performed to identify chromosomal regions which are frequently deleted in gastric(More)
We investigated the E (epithelial)-cadherin gene for mutations and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in 24 primary gastric carcinomas (12 differentiated and 12 undifferentiated types, including 3 signet-ring cell carcinomas), as well as 4 gastric carcinoma cell lines of the undifferentiated type (MKN-45, GCIY, HGC-27 and GT3TKB). We utilized PCR-SSCP and RT-PCR(More)
A number of tumor suppressor and tumor-related genes are silenced by promoter hypermethylation in gastric cancer. Hypermethylation is not restricted to cancer cells, but is also present in non-neoplastic cells during aging. Such age-related methylation in non-neoplastic gastric epithelia is postulated to constitute a field defect that increases the risk for(More)