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UNLABELLED In a cohort of 2356 Japanese elderly, after adjusting for age and prevalent vertebral fracture, baseline BMD predicted the risk of spine and hip fracture with similar RR to that obtained from previous reports in whites. The RR per SD decrease in BMD for fracture declined with age. INTRODUCTION Low bone mineral density (BMD) is one of the most(More)
The in vitro culture of porcine bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) was used for the investigation of adult stem cell biology. Isolated porcine MSCs possessed the ability to proliferate extensively in an antioxidants-rich medium containing 5% fetal bovine serum (FBS). Greater than 40 serial MSC passages and 100 cell population doublings have(More)
Antibody-secreting plasma cells are nonrecirculatory and lodge in splenic red pulp, lymph node medullary cords, and bone marrow. The factors that regulate plasma cell localization are poorly defined. Here we demonstrate that, compared with their B cell precursors, plasma cells exhibit increased chemotactic sensitivity to the CXCR4 ligand CXCL12. At the same(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the association between midlife risk factors and the development of vascular dementia (VaD) or Alzheimer's disease (AD) 25 to 30 years later. DESIGN A prevalence study within a longitudinal cohort study. SETTING Subjects in the Adult Health Study (a prospective cohort study begun in 1958) have been followed through biennial(More)
Background and aims. It has been hypothesized that some aspect of a traditional ‘Asian’ diet, that is low in animal products and high in soya, may be associated with a reduced risk of prostate cancer. This study aimed to examine the association between dietary intake and prostate cancer risk among 18,115 men in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, using(More)
We examined the relationships between the incidence of noncancer diseases and atomic bomb radiation dose using the longitudinal data for about 10,000 Adult Health Study (AHS) participants during 1958-1998. The current report updates the analysis we presented in 1993 with 12 additional years of follow-up. In addition to the statistically significant positive(More)
Heart failure carries a poor prognosis with few treatment options. While myocardial stem cell therapeutic trials have traditionally relied on intracoronary infusion or intramyocardial injection routes, these cell delivery methods are invasive and can introduce harmful scar tissue, arrhythmia, calcification, or microinfarction in the heart. Given that(More)
PURPOSE A rare and unique occurrence of radiation-induced pulmonary injury was observed outside the tangential field for early breast cancer treatment. The findings appeared to be idiopathic and were termed radiation-induced bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) syndrome. The goal of this study was to report and determine the incidence,(More)
CONTEXT Effects of irradiation on thyroid diseases such as thyroid nodules and autoimmune thyroid diseases have not been evaluated among people exposed to radiation more than 50 years in the past. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the prevalence of thyroid diseases and their radiation-dose responses in atomic bomb survivors. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Survey(More)