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Because awareness of emotional states in the self is a prerequisite to recognizing such states in others, alexithymia (ALEX), difficulty in identifying and expressing one's own emotional states, should involve impairment in empathy. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we compared an ALEX group (n = 16) and a non-alexithymia (non-ALEX) group(More)
Alexithymic individuals have difficulty in recognizing and describing emotions in themselves. We investigated the neuronal basis of mentalizing in alexithymia to determine whether there is a common neuronal substrate associated with knowing the mental states of the self and others. Individuals high in alexithymia (n = 16) and low in alexithymia (n = 14)(More)
BACKGROUND The construct validity of alexithymia and its assessment using the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) in Japan is unknown. Low reliability has been found for the third factor of the TAS-20 in some cultures, and the factor structure for psychosomatic disorder patients has not been adequately investigated. Although alexithymia most likely(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a newly discovered regulatory peptide related to vasoactive intestinal peptide and is found widely distributed throughout peripheral tissues and the central nervous system. We examined the ability of its two major forms of 38 (P38) and 27 (P27) amino acid residues to cross the murine blood-brain(More)
We reviewed the records of approximately 7000 Japanese patients whose hyperthyroidism was treated with methimazole (MMI) alone. Four patients (Group I) developed agranulocytosis during a second course of MMI therapy and eight patients (Group II) during an initial course. Six patients (three in each group) received less than 30 mg MMI daily. Agranulocytosis(More)
Theory of mind (ToM) refers to the ability to attribute independent mental states, such as beliefs, preferences and desires, to the self and others. Neuroimaging studies of normal adults have consistently demonstrated the importance of particular brain regions for ToM, the superior temporal sulcus (STS), temporal pole (TP) and the medial prefrontal cortex(More)
Different regions of brain activation, as measured by fMRI, were evident in Japanese and Caucasian individuals observing facial expressions categorized as fearful according to Ekman criteria. Activation was evident in the posterior cingulate, supplementary motor cortex and the amygdala in Caucasians, while activation was evident in the right inferior(More)
Alexithymia refers to difficulty in identifying and expressing one's emotions, and it is related to disturbed emotional regulation. It was originally proposed as a personality trait that plays a central role in psychosomatic diseases. This review of neuroimaging studies on alexithymia suggests that alexithymia is associated with reduced neural responses to(More)
The Japanese Genetic Research Group for Eating Disorders (JGRED) is a multisite collaborative study group that was organized for the systematic recruitment of patients with an eating disorder for the purpose of genetic study in Japan. We conducted a genome-wide case-control association study using 23 465 highly polymorphic microsatellite (MS) markers to(More)
The Met66 allele of the Val66Met polymorphism in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene has been reported to be associated with anorexia nervosa (AN), and also lower minimum body mass index (BMI) and higher harm avoidance in AN. We genotyped the Val66Met polymorphism (rs6265) in 689 AN cases and 573 control subjects. There were no significant(More)