Gemma Vilahur

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The high prevalence of obesity, atherosclerosis, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) is largely attributable to the contemporary lifestyle that is often sedentary and includes a diet high in saturated fats and sugars and low ingestion polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), fruit, vegetables, and fiber. Epidemiological studies have confirmed a strong association(More)
The extent of cardiac remodeling determines survival after acute MI. However, the mechanisms driving cardiac remodeling remain unknown. We examined the effect of ischemia and reperfusion (R) on myocardial changes up to 6 days post-MI. Pigs underwent 1.5h or 4h mid-LAD balloon occlusion and sacrificed or 1.5h occlusion followed by R and sacrificed at 2.5h, 1(More)
The metabolic syndrome is a cluster of cardiometabolic alterations that include the presence of arterial hypertension, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, and abdominal obesity. Obesity is associated with a chronic inflammatory response, characterized by abnormal adipokine production, and the activation of proinflammatory signalling pathways resulting in the(More)
OBJECTIVES Coronary occlusion and revascularization leads to myocardial damage and heart function deterioration. Statins can regress atherosclerosis and modulate platelet function, but their effect on post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) injury remains to be fully determined. We sought to examine whether rosuvastatin (R) exerts any effect on the(More)
OBJECTIVES Lipids have been detected in the ischemic myocardium of patients' post-myocardial infarction (MI). However, their effect on the cardiac healing process remains unknown. We investigated whether intramyocardial lipids affect the signaling pathways involved in the fibrotic reparative response impairing cardiac healing post-MI. METHODS Pigs, fed(More)
BACKGROUND Aspirin (ASA) + clopidogrel are commonly used in acute coronary syndrome (ACS), but persistent antiplatelet effects may complicate surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS To study the possibility of normalizing platelet reactivity after ASA + clopidogrel treatment, 11 healthy subjects received a 325-mg ASA + clopidogrel loading dose (300 or 600 mg(More)
OBJECTIVE We studied the impact of native (natCRP) and modified CRP (mCRP) isoforms on platelet adhesion and thrombus growth under arterial flow. METHODS AND RESULTS Blood was perfused over type I collagen at a wall shear rate of 1500 s(-1), and platelet deposition and thrombus growth were evaluated by confocal microscopy. natCRP and mCRP were either(More)
AIMS The myocardium accumulates intracellular lipids under ischaemic conditions, and myocardial fat deposition is closely associated with cardiac dysfunction. Our aims were to analyse the effect of hypoxia on low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) expression in neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVM) and cardiac-derived HL-1 cells and(More)
BACKGROUND Prompt coronary thrombus resolution, reducing time of ischemia, improves cardiac recovery. The factors triggered by ischemia that contribute to the clinical outcome are not fully known. We hypothesize that unabated inflammation due to cardiac ischemia may be a contributing factor. AIMS As a proof-of-concept, we evaluated the effect of(More)
BACKGROUND Studies in patients support a beneficial effect of statin treatment early after acute coronary syndrome and/or prior percutaneous coronary intervention. However, statin effect during total occlusion remains unknown. OBJECTIVES To investigate whether infusion of activated simvastatin during ischemia and prior reperfusion and oral administration(More)