Gemma Triola

Learn More
Lipidated Rho and Rab GTP-binding proteins are transported between membranes in complex with solubilizing factors called 'guanine nucleotide dissociation inhibitors' (GDIs). Unloading from GDIs using GDI displacement factors (GDFs) has been proposed but remains mechanistically elusive. PDEδ is a putative solubilizing factor for several prenylated(More)
Ras is a central regulator of cellular signaling pathways. It is mutated in 20-30% of human tumors. To perform its function, Ras has to be bound to a membrane by a posttranslationally attached lipid anchor. Surprisingly, we identified here dimerization of membrane anchored Ras by combining attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared(More)
In a combined chemical biological and biophysical approach using time-lapse tapping-mode atomic force microscopy, we studied the partitioning of differently lipidated N-Ras proteins with various membrane-localization motifs into lipid domains of canonical model raft mixtures. The results provide direct evidence that partitioning of N-Ras occurs(More)
The synthesis of several analogues of the N-[(1R,2S)-2-hydroxy-1-hydroxymethyl-2-(2-tridecyl-1-cyclopropenyl)ethyl]octanamide (GT11), the first reported inhibitor of dihydroceramide desaturase, as well as their effects on this enzyme, are described. Modifications of the parent structure include variations on the cyclopropene ring, the N-acyl chain length,(More)
Ras proteins are proto-oncogenes that function as molecular switches linking extracellular stimuli with an overlapping but distinctive range of biological outcomes. Although modulatable interactions between the membrane and the Ras C-terminal hypervariable region (HVR) harbouring the membrane anchor motifs enable signalling specificity to be determined by(More)
Regulation of protein function is often linked to a conformational switch triggered by chemical or physical signals. To evaluate such conformational changes and to elucidate the underlying molecular mechanisms of subsequent protein function, experimental identification of conformational substates and characterization of conformational equilibria are(More)
D-Alanine-D-alanine ligase (DDl) is an essential enzyme in bacterial cell wall biosynthesis and an important target for developing new antibiotics. Here, we describe a new approach to identify new inhibitor scaffolds for DDl based on similarity in the ATP binding region of different kinases and DDl. After an initial screening of several protein kinase(More)