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Solid-state NMR has emerged as an important tool for structural biology and chemistry, capable of solving atomic-resolution structures for proteins in membrane-bound and aggregated states. Proton detection methods have been recently realized under fast magic-angle spinning conditions, providing large sensitivity enhancements for efficient examination of(More)
α-Synuclein (AS) fibrils are the major component of Lewy bodies, the pathological hallmark of Parkinson's disease (PD). Here, we use results from an extensive investigation employing solid-state NMR to present a detailed structural characterization and conformational dynamics quantification of full-length AS fibrils. Our results show that the core extends(More)
α-Synuclein (AS) is associated with both sporadic and familial forms of Parkinson disease (PD). In sporadic disease, wild-type AS fibrillates and accumulates as Lewy bodies within dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra. The accumulation of misfolded AS is associated with the death of these neurons, which underlies many of the clinical features of PD.(More)
For over 50 years, amphotericin has remained the powerful but highly toxic last line of defense in treating life-threatening fungal infections in humans with minimal development of microbial resistance. Understanding how this small molecule kills yeast is thus critical for guiding development of derivatives with an improved therapeutic index and other(More)
α-Synuclein (AS) fibrils are the main protein component of Lewy bodies, the pathological hallmark of Parkinson's disease and other related disorders. AS forms helices that bind phospholipid membranes with high affinity, but no atomic level data for AS aggregation in the presence of lipids is yet available. Here, we present direct evidence of a conversion(More)
Misfolded α-synuclein amyloid fibrils are the principal components of Lewy bodies and neurites, hallmarks of Parkinson's disease (PD). We present a high-resolution structure of an α-synuclein fibril, in a form that induces robust pathology in primary neuronal culture, determined by solid-state NMR spectroscopy and validated by EM and X-ray fiber(More)
All-atom molecular dynamics simulations have become increasingly popular as a tool to investigate protein function and dynamics. However, researchers are concerned about the short time scales covered by simulations, the apparent impossibility to model large and integral biomolecular systems, and the actual predictive power of the molecular dynamics(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is pathologically characterized by the presence of Lewy bodies (LBs) in dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra. These intracellular inclusions are largely composed of misfolded α-synuclein (AS), a neuronal protein that is abundant in the vertebrate brain. Point mutations in AS are associated with rare, early-onset forms of PD,(More)
High resolution ¹³C-detected solid-state NMR spectra of the deuterated beta-1 immunoglobulin binding domain of the protein G (GB1) have been collected to show that all ¹⁵N, ¹³C', C¹³Cα and ¹³Cβ sites are resolved in C¹³C-¹³C and ¹⁵N-C¹³C spectra, with significant improvement in T(2) relaxation times and resolution at high magnetic field (750 MHz). The(More)
Protein structure determination methods using magic-angle spinning solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS SSNMR) have experienced a remarkable development in the past decade. Significant advances in instrumentation, sample preparation, spectroscopic techniques, and computational methods have made possible the determination of the first high-resolution(More)