Gemma L. Bailey

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OBJECTIVES Reduced range of hyoid and laryngeal movement is thought to contribute to aspiration risk and pharyngeal residues in dysphagia. Our aim was to determine the extent to which movements of the hyoid and larynx are correlated in the superior and anterior directions in swallowing, and whether movement range is predictive of penetration-aspiration or(More)
The purpose of this study was to measure treatment outcomes in a group of six adults with chronic dysphagia following acquired brain injury, who each completed 24 sessions of tongue-pressure resistance training, over a total of 11-12 weeks. The treatment protocol emphasized both strength and accuracy. Biofeedback was provided using the Iowa Oral Performance(More)
PURPOSE Evidence of tongue-palate pressure modulation during swallowing between thin and nectar-thick liquids stimuli has been equivocal. This mirrors a lack of clear evidence in the literature of tongue and hyoid movement modulation between nectar-thick and thin liquid swallows. In the current investigation, the authors sought to confirm whether(More)
In this study we explored the validity of clinician judgments of voice abnormalities as indicators of penetration-aspiration or other swallowing abnormalities. Voice samples were collected using a high-quality microphone from 40 adults during videofluoroscopy (VFSS), at baseline and following each of four thin liquid swallows. Blinded speech-language(More)
Tongue-pressure resistance training is known to increase tongue strength in seniors and individuals with stroke-related dysphagia. However, evidence of associated functional improvements in swallowing is equivocal. We investigated similarities in pressure waveform profiles between swallowing and several tongue-palate pressure tasks to identify tasks that(More)
Eighteen CT examinations were performed in 10 patients for the evaluation of acute intraarticular fractures and their follow-up. Fractures comparable to those in the patients were created in cadavers. The normal anatomy and the traumatically altered anatomy of the calcaneus in the axial, coronal, and sagittal planes are demonstrated by CT and corresponding(More)
High-speed dental handpieces, which are used so extensively in modern dental practice, may be a source of cross-contamination between patients. A standard autoclave procedure of 121 C for 15 minutes will sterilize the handpieces evaluated in this report. The performance in a standardized laboratory trial showed deterioration of speed in the simulated(More)
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