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High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) is a known predictor of coronary heart disease (CHD). Studies have shown that the C-480T polymorphism of the hepatic lipase (HL) gene is predictive of HDL-C; however, its observed relationship with the risk of CHD has been inconsistent. We analysed four biallelic polymorphisms in the HL gene in participants from(More)
Recent genome-wide association studies have described many loci implicated in type 2 diabetes (T2D) pathophysiology and β-cell dysfunction but have contributed little to the understanding of the genetic basis of insulin resistance. We hypothesized that genes implicated in insulin resistance pathways might be uncovered by accounting for differences in body(More)
Lay abstract: It has been proposed that autistic-like traits in the general population lie on a continuum, with clinical Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), representing the extreme end of this distribution. The current study undertook a genome-wide association (GWA) scan of 965 young Western Australian adults to identify novel risk variants associated with(More)
Pulmonary function measures reflect respiratory health and are used in the diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. We tested genome-wide association with forced expiratory volume in 1 second and the ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 second to forced vital capacity in 48,201 individuals of European ancestry with follow up of the top(More)
BACKGROUND Cutaneous malignant melanoma is a major public health issue in Australia and other nations. A greater understanding of the genetic determinants and their interactions with environmental factors may lead to better interventions and control of the disease. The Western Australian Melanoma Health Study (WAMHS) is a population-based case-collection(More)
RATIONALE Genomic loci are associated with FEV1 or the ratio of FEV1 to FVC in population samples, but their association with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has not yet been proven, nor have their combined effects on lung function and COPD been studied. OBJECTIVES To test association with COPD of variants at five loci (TNS1, GSTCD, HTR4,(More)
All patients with primary cutaneous malignant melanoma undergo surgical excision to remove the tumour, resulting in scar formation. There is marked variation in the aesthetic appearance of scars following surgery but limited knowledge about the genetic factors affecting non-keloid, surgical scar outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the role of known(More)
Approaches exploiting trait distribution extremes may be used to identify loci associated with common traits, but it is unknown whether these loci are generalizable to the broader population. In a genome-wide search for loci associated with the upper versus the lower 5th percentiles of body mass index, height and waist-to-hip ratio, as well as clinical(More)
Although age-dependent effects on blood pressure (BP) have been reported, they have not been systematically investigated in large-scale genome-wide association studies (GWASs). We leveraged the infrastructure of three well-established consortia (CHARGE, GBPgen, and ICBP) and a nonstandard approach (age stratification and metaregression) to conduct a(More)
Low levels of serum adiponectin have been linked to central obesity, insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, and type 2 diabetes. Variants in ADIPOQ, the gene encoding adiponectin, have been shown to influence serum adiponectin concentration, and along with variants in the adiponectin receptors (ADIPOR1 and ADIPOR2) have been implicated in metabolic(More)