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The thyroid hormone and retinol transporter protein known as transthyretin (TTR) is in the origin of one of the 20 or so known amyloid diseases. TTR self assembles as a homotetramer leaving a central hydrophobic channel with two symmetrical binding sites. The aggregation pathway of TTR into amiloid fibrils is not yet well characterized but in vitro binding(More)
Cytotoxic T cells (CTL) recognize short peptide epitopes presented by class I glycoproteins encoded by the major histocompatibility complex (MHC). It is not yet known whether peptides containing posttranslationally modified amino acids can also be recognized by CTL. To address this issue, we have studied the immunogenicity and recognition of a glycopeptide(More)
Toward developing new potential analgesics, this first structure-activity relationship study of opiorphin (H-Gln-Arg-Phe-Ser-Arg-OH), a human peptide inhibiting enkephalin degradation, was performed. A systematic Ala scanning proved that Phe(3) is a key residue for neprilysin and aminopeptidase N (AP-N) ectoenkephalinase inhibition. A series of(More)
This study extends our previous observation that glycopeptides bind to class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules and elicit carbohydrate-specific CTL responses. The Sendai virus nucleoprotein wild-type (WT) peptide (FAPGNYPAL) binds H-2Db using the P5-Asn as an anchor. The peptide K2 carrying a P5 serine substitution did not bind Db.(More)
CTL recognize short peptide fragments presented by class I MHC molecules. In this study, we examined the effect of phosphorylation on TAP transport, binding to class I MHC molecules, and recognition by CTL of peptide fragments from known phosphorylated oncogene proteins or virus phosphoproteins. We show that phosphopeptides can be efficiently transported(More)
In familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy, TTR (transthyretin) variants are deposited as amyloid fibrils. It is thought that this process involves TTR tetramer dissociation, which leads to partially unfolded monomers that aggregate and polymerize into amyloid fibrils. This process can be counteracted by stabilization of the tetramer. Several small compounds,(More)
Transthyretin is an amyloidogenic protein associated with several amyloidosis, namely familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy, familial amyloidotic cardiomyopathy, and central nervous system selective amyloidosis, familial rare diseases caused by single point mutants, and senile systemic amyloidosis associated with wild-type TTR. The current model for amyloid(More)
Two synthetic O-GlcNAc-bearing peptides that elicit H-2Db-restricted glycopeptide-specific cytotoxic T cells (CTL) have been shown to display nonreciprocal patterns of cross-reactivity. Here, we present the crystal structures of the H-2Db glycopeptide complexes to 2.85 A resolution or better. In both cases, the glycan is solvent exposed and available for(More)
Stabilization of tetrameric transthyretin (TTR) by binding of small ligands is a current strategy aimed at inhibiting amyloid fibrillogenesis in transthyretin-associated pathologies, such as senile systemic amyloidosis (SSA) and familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP). A kinetic assay is developed for rapid evaluation of compounds as potential in vitro(More)
Antigens presented by class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules for recognition by cytotoxic T lymphocytes consist of 8-10-amino-acid-long cytosolic peptides. It is not known whether posttranslationally modified peptides are also presented by class I MHC molecules in vivo. Many different posttranslational modifications occur on cytoplasmic(More)