Gemma Arnau

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BACKGROUND AND AIMS Dioscorea alata is a polyploid species with a ploidy level ranging from diploid (2n = 2x = 40) to tetraploid (2n = 4x = 80). Ploidy increase is correlated with better agronomic performance. The lack of knowledge about the origin of D. alata spontaneous polyploids (triploids and tetraploids) limits the efficiency of polyploid breeding.(More)
Recent studies have shown that the basic chromosome number of the three major edible yams, Dioscorea alata, Dioscorea rotundata and Dioscorea trifida, is x = 20, and that the clones with 2n = 40 chromosomes are diploids. D. alata breeding programmes were limited to the production of diploid hybrids until 2006, when the tetraploids (2n = 80) were found to be(More)
Meiosis in the tetraploid (2n = 80) males of Dioscorea alata L. was investigated for the first time. During metaphase I, the chromosomes were associated mostly in 6–8 quadrivalents and the remaining ones as bivalents with no trivalents or univalents. Anaphase I and subsequent stages of meiosis were normal. The observation of quadrivalents in the tetraploids(More)
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