Gema Vallés

Learn More
The exposure of human monocytes to the gram-negative endotoxin LPS provokes them to enter a transient state in which they are refractory to further stimulation by LPS. This phenomenon is known as 'endotoxin tolerance' (ET) and it is characterized by a decrease in leukocyte proinflammatory cytokine production in response to LPS. In the present study, we have(More)
Titanium (Ti) and its alloys have widespread uses as implant materials for orthopaedic and dental applications. To improve their surface characteristics, modifications that give rise to an outer ceramic layer of rutile have been developed. It is expected that after a long period of service, rutile particles will arise from these modified surfaces. Rutile(More)
One of the most important complications of total joint arthroplasty is failure associated with periprosthetic osteolysis, a process mainly initiated by the biological response to wear-derived products from the biomaterials in service. The inflammatory mediator interleukin-6 (IL-6) plays a key role in the establishment and progression of aseptic loosening.(More)
We have recently reported that thermal oxidation treatments of Ti6Al4V at 500 degrees and 700 degrees C for 1 h result in the formation of an outer "ceramic" layer of rutile that do not decrease the high in vitro corrosion resistance of the alloy. In the present work, surface roughness was measured and found marginally increased as a consequence of(More)
Implantation of scaffolds may elicit a host foreign body response triggered by monocyte/macrophage lineage cells. Growing evidence suggests that topographical cues of scaffolds play an important role in MSC functionality. In this work, we examined whether surface topographical features can regulate paracrine interactions that MSCs establish with(More)
Titanium and its alloys are widely used as implant materials for dental and orthopaedic applications due to their advantageous bulk mechanical properties and biocompatibility, compared to other metallic biomaterials. In order to improve their wear and corrosion resistance, several surface modifications that give rise to an outer ceramic layer of rutile have(More)
The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effects of alumina particles on secretion of several cytokines involved in bone resorption in cocultures of macrophages and osteoblasts. To distinguish the contribution of each individual cell type, we have established a heterologous in vitro system that makes use of mouse J774 cells and primary cultured(More)
In this work, the influence of thermal oxidation treatments of Ti6Al4V at 500 degrees C and 700 degrees C for 1 h on the in vitro corrosion behaviour and osteoblast response is studied. The potential of these treatments, aimed to improve the wear surface performance as biomaterial, relies in the formation of an outer "ceramic" layer of rutile. The corrosion(More)
Titanium and its alloys are widely used as implant materials for dental and orthopaedic applications. To improve their wear and corrosion resistance, several surface modifications that give rise to an outer ceramic layer of rutile have been developed. It is expected that after a long period of functional loading, rutile debris will arise from these modified(More)
The effect of two biomaterials, polyethylene and alpha-alumina, on interleukin-6 (IL-6) secretion and expression has been studied in human osteoblasts in primary culture. Human osteoblastic cells were derived from fresh trabecular bone explants removed during total knee arthroplasty. On reaching confluence, cells were subcultured in 6 well plates; the(More)