Gema Pérez-Chacón

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Arachidonic acid (AA) and its oxygenated derivatives, collectively known as the eicosanoids, are key mediators of a wide variety of physiological and pathophysiological states. AA, obtained from the diet or synthesized from linoleic acid, is rapidly incorporated into cellular phospholipids by the concerted action of arachidonoyl-CoA synthetase and(More)
The availability of free arachidonic acid (AA) constitutes a limiting step in the synthesis of biologically active eicosanoids. Free AA levels in cells are regulated by a deacylation/reacylation cycle of membrane phospholipids, the so-called Lands cycle, as well as by further remodeling reactions catalyzed by CoA-independent transacylase. In this work, we(More)
The progressive rise of mature CD5+ B lymphocytes, despite the low proportion of proliferating cells, has led to the notion that B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is primarily related to defective apoptosis. The microenvironment likely plays a prominent role because the malignant cells progressively accumulate in vivo, whereas they rapidly undergo(More)
Stimulated human monocytes undergo an intense trafficking of arachidonic acid (AA) among glycerophospholipidclasses. Using HPLC coupled to electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, we have characterized changes in the levels of AA-containing phospholipid species in human monocytes. In resting cells, AA was found esterified into various molecular species of(More)
Exposure of human peripheral blood monocytes to free arachidonic acid (AA) results in the rapid induction of lipid droplet (LD) formation by these cells. This effect appears specific for AA in that it is not mimicked by other fatty acids, whether saturated or unsaturated. LDs are formed by two different routes: (i) the direct entry of AA into(More)
In this work we have studied the effect of caveolin-1 deficiency on the mechanisms that regulate free arachidonic acid (AA) availability. The results presented here demonstrate that macrophages from caveolin-1-deficient mice exhibit elevated fatty acid incorporation and remodeling and a constitutively increased CoA-independent transacylase activity. Mass(More)
Cellular availability of free arachidonic acid (AA) is an important step in the production of pro- and anti-inflammatory eicosanoids. Control of free AA levels in cells is carried out by the action of phospholipase A2s and lysophospholipid acyltransferases, which are responsible for the reactions of deacylation and incorporation of AA from and into the sn-2(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine whether several allelic variants in the polymorphic interleukin (IL)-10 promoter region were related with an increased risk of developing systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in Spanish patients from Canary Islands. Microsatellites (MS) at positions -4000 and -1200 (IL10R and IL10G, respectively) and single nucleotide(More)
B-chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL) is a heterogeneous disease characterized by an accumulation of B lymphocytes expressing CD5. To date, the biological significance of this molecule in B-CLL B cells remains to be elucidated. In this study, we have analysed the functional consequences of the binding of an anti-CD5 antibody on B-CLL B cells. To this(More)