Gema Ariceta

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Claudins are major components of tight junctions and contribute to the epithelial-barrier function by restricting free diffusion of solutes through the paracellular pathway. We have mapped a new locus for recessive renal magnesium loss on chromosome 1p34.2 and have identified mutations in CLDN19, a member of the claudin multigene family, in patients(More)
This guideline for the investigation and initial treatment of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is intended to offer an approach based on opinion, as evidence is lacking. It builds on the current ability to identify the etiology of specific diagnostic sub-groups of HUS. HUS in children is mostly due to infection, enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli(More)
Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) emerged during the last decade as a disease largely of complement dysregulation. This advance facilitated the development of novel, rational treatment options targeting terminal complement activation, e.g., using an anti-C5 antibody (eculizumab). We review treatment and patient management issues related to this(More)
Haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) is a clinical entity defined as the triad of nonimmune haemolytic anaemia, thrombocytopenia, and acute renal failure, in which the underlying lesions are mediated by systemic thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA). Atypical HUS (aHUS) is a sub-type of HUS in which the TMA phenomena are the consequence of decreased regulation of(More)
The health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of adolescents with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is an important marker of disease burden. Our aims were to investigate HRQOL in a group of children and adolescents with ESRD and to compare them with the reference population norms. Ours was a cross-sectional study of 81 patients aged 10 years to 21 years with(More)
Thirteen children with cystic fibrosis (CF), aged 1.5 months–15 years, had 18 episodes of hypochloraemia and metabolic alkalosis over the period 1983–1991. Five patients were not known to have CF prior to developing these electrolyte disturbances. There were two distinct clinical presentations: 5 patients had an acute isolated picture of heat exhaustion(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate long-term prognosis in a group of children with IgA nephropathy and to analyse which clinical factors were associated with progression to chronic renal failure in adulthood. PATIENTS AND METHOD Retrospective study. 58 young adults with IgA nephropathy diagnosed at 10.6(SD 2.9) years old and studied after a follow-up of 11.8 (SD 2.9)(More)
Proximal renal tubular acidosis (RTA) (Type II RTA) is characterized by a defect in the ability to reabsorb HCO(3) in the proximal tubule. This is usually manifested as bicarbonate wastage in the urine reflecting that the defect in proximal tubular transport is severe enough that the capacity for bicarbonate reabsorption in the thick ascending limb of(More)
Genetic Hypophosphatemic Rickets (HR) is a group of diseases characterized by renal phosphate wasting with inappropriately low or normal 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D) serum levels. The most common form of HR is X-linked dominant HR (XLHR) which is caused by inactivating mutations in the PHEX gene. The purpose of this study was to perform genetic(More)
A 28-day-old male newborn weighing 3.6 kg was given a diagnosis of atypical hemolytic-uremic syndrome, new-onset thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA; hemoglobin, 7.7 g/dL; schistocytes, 9%), thrombocytopenia (platelets, 49 × 10(3)/μL [49 × 10(9)/L]), and acute kidney failure (serum creatinine, 1.13 mg/dL [99.8 μmol/L], corresponding to estimated glomerular(More)