Geir Ringstad

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BACKGROUND Primary, preoperative medical treatment is an option in selected patients with acromegaly, but a subset of patients respond poorly. Valid prediction of response to somatostatin analogues (SA) might thus alter treatment stratification. The aims of this study were to assess whether T2 signal intensity could determine long-term response to(More)
OBJECT The objective of this study was to assess the net aqueductal stroke volume (ASV) and CSF aqueductal flow rate derived from phase-contrast MRI (PC-MRI) in patients with probable idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) before and after ventriculoperitoneal shunt surgery, and to compare observations with intracranial pressure (ICP) scores.(More)
In growth hormone (GH)-producing adenomas, T2-weighted MRI signal intensity is a marker for granulation pattern and response to somatostatin analogs (SSA). Prediction of treatment response is necessary for individualized treatment, and T2 intensity assessment might improve preoperative classification of somatotropinomas. The objectives of this study are (I)(More)
Recently, the "glymphatic system" of the brain has been discovered in rodents, which is a paravascular, transparenchymal route for clearance of excess brain metabolites and distribution of compounds in the cerebrospinal fluid. It has already been demonstrated that intrathecally administered gadolinium (Gd) contrast medium distributes along this route in(More)
An autostereoscopic display with image quality comparable to ordinary 2D displays has recently been developed. The purpose of our study was to evaluate whether the visualization of static 3D models from intracranial time-of-flight (TOF) MR angiography (MRA) was improved by this display. Maximum Intensity Projection (MIP) and Volume Rendering (VR) 3D models(More)
We have previously proposed that pineal cysts (PCs) may result in crowding of the pineal recess, causing symptoms due to compression of the internal cerebral veins and central venous hypertension. In the present study, we compared clinical outcome of different treatment modalities in symptomatic individuals with non-hydrocephalic PCs. The study included all(More)
Somatostatin analogs (SA) have been established as the first line medical treatment for acromegaly, but following long-term treatment, SA normalizes GH and IGF-I levels in only 40-60% of patients. The epithelial marker E-cadherin plays a crucial role in the epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) and is associated with a poor response to SA treatment. We(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebellar and cerebral infarctions caused by the syndrome of cervical rib with thrombosis of subclavian artery are very unusual. CASE PRESENTATION We report the case of a 49-year-old male patient with a right cervical rib compression leading to subclavian arterial thrombosis and both cerebellar and cerebral infarctions secondary to retrograde(More)
The glymphatic system has in previous studies been shown as fundamental to clearance of waste metabolites from the brain interstitial space, and is proposed to be instrumental in normal ageing and brain pathology such as Alzheimer's disease and brain trauma. Assessment of glymphatic function using magnetic resonance imaging with intrathecal contrast agent(More)
Purpose The relationship between syringomyelia and presyrinx, characterized by edema in the spinal cord, has not been firmly established. Patients with syringomyelia have abnormal spinal canal tapering that alters cerebrospinal fluid flow dynamics, but taper ratios in presyrinx have never been reported. We tested the hypothesis that presyrinx patients have(More)