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—A prerequisite for a widespread and successful deployment of proactive ad-hoc networking technology is its ability to provide easy access to the Internet. Gateway node in the ad hoc network. In this paper we discuss different strategies for providing Internet access to proactive ad hoc networks. We also describe problems experienced in our lab test-bed(More)
—The network reliability and availability in wireless multi-hop networks can be inadequate due to radio induced interference. It is therefore common to introduce redundant nodes. This paper provides a method to forecast how the introduction of redundant nodes increases the reliability and availability of such networks. For simplicity, it is assumed that(More)
Common user applications cannot run in mobile ad-hoc networks (MANETs) before a method for name resolution is in place. While the Domain Name System (DNS) works well on the fixed Internet, it represents a centralized approach to name resolution, which is not suitable for MANETs. This article refines the framework developed for name resolution in MANETs and(More)
In 1987, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health conducted a cross-sectional medical study to examine the long-term health effects of occupational exposure to chemicals and materials contaminated with 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). This study compared living workers employed more than 15 years earlier in the production of(More)
Dynamic resource discovery and service access in an ad hoc multi-mode 4G-system can be a complex task. Since every adaptive client application will have to perform such tasks, it makes sense to implement this functionality in the middleware. This will make service access ubiquitous, and application development simpler and less expensive. This paper presents(More)
—Due to frequent link failures in multi-hop wireless networks, redundancy can be an important feature. For example, when planning the structure of a backhaul mesh network for public access, it is common to introduce redundant nodes in the mesh network. These are called redundant, because they do not increase the network capacity under normal operation, due(More)
—The links in an ad hoc or wireless mesh network are normally kept alive by the exchange of Hello-messages between neighbouring nodes. These Hello-messages are prone to collisions with traffic from hidden nodes. If several Hello-messages are lost due to overlapping transmissions, the node expecting the Hello-messages erroneously assumes that the link is(More)
A prerequisite for a widespread and successful deployment of on-demand ad-hoc networking technology is its ability to provide easy access to the Internet. Existing solutions for Internet access are mainly based on modifying mobile IPv4 (MIPv4). An easier approach, yet poorly documented in published material, is to implement network address translation (NAT)(More)