Geetu Raheja

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The present study was designed to explore the alternative mechanism (other than AChE inhibition) for chronic, low-level exposure to dichlorvos, an organophosphate, in vivo. Dichlorvos, at a dose of 1.0 and 6.0 mg/kg body weight (b.wt.) for 12 weeks, showed impairment in neurobehavioral indices viz. rota rod, passive avoidance and water maze tests. Though(More)
The present investigation was carried out to assess the protective efficacy of nimodipine against dichlorvos-induced organophosphate induced delayed neurotoxicity (OPIDN). Single subcutaneous dose of dichlorvos (200 mg/kg body weight) led to a consistent increase in the activity of both microtubule associated protein kinases viz. Ca2+/Calmodulin-dependent(More)
The present investigation was carried out to elucidate the possible involvement of the dopaminergic neurotransmitter system in the development of dichlorvos induced delayed neurotoxicity in the rat and to assess the protective efficacy of nimodipine against OPIDN (Organophosphate induced delayed neurotoxicity). Single subcutaneous dose of dichlorvos (200(More)
Chronic dichlorvos exposure (6 mg/kg b.wt/day) for a period of 8 weeks resulted in significant reduction in body weight gain of the male Wistar rats. However, the dietary intake remained unchanged in experimental animals following dichlorvos treatment. Activity of the synthesizing enzyme of acetylcholine (ACh) ie, choline acetyltransferase, was found to be(More)
The present study was designed to investigate the possible effects of chronic dichlorvos exposure on the various aspects of calcium homeostasis in rat brain. Chronic dichlorvos administration caused significant rise in the intrasynaptosomal calcium levels. The activity of major calcium expelling enzyme i.e. Ca2+ ATPase was found to be declined. Also, the(More)
Effect of Na+ ions on yeast invertase activity has been studied as a function of pH. At acidic pH, Na+ (5-100 mM) had no effect but invertase activity was inhibited (38-44%) by Na+ ions (100 mM) with an increase in pH (6.8 and 8.0). Kinetic analysis revealed that invertase inhibition by Na+ ions was non-competitive and reversible in nature. Value of K(m)(More)
Neuropathy target esterase (NTE) is an integral membrane protein in vertebrate neurons and a member of a novel family of putative serine hydrolases. Neuropathic organophosphates react covalently with the active site serine residue of NTE, causing degeneration of long axons in spinal cord and peripheral nerves which becomes clinically evident 1-3 weeks after(More)
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