Geetha Kassam

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Annexin II tetramer (AIIt) is an important endothelial cell surface protein receptor for plasminogen and t-PA. AIIt, a heterotetramer, is composed of two p36 subunits (called annexin II) and two p11 subunits. In this report, we have compared the ability of the isolated p36 and p11 subunits to stimulate t-PA-dependent [Glu]plasminogen activation. The(More)
Annexin II tetramer (AIIt) is a major Ca2+-binding protein of endothelial cells which has been shown to exist on both the intracellular and extracellular surfaces of the plasma membrane. In this report, we demonstrate that AIIt stimulates the activation of plasminogen by facilitating the tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA)-dependent conversion of(More)
In this study, we investigated the effects of testosterone and a nonaromatizable androgen, 11 beta-hydroxyandrosterone, on maturational gonadotropin (GtH-II) subunit gene expression in the goldfish pituitary. While testosterone treatment at physiological doses resulted in stimulation of GtH-II-alpha and -beta subunit mRNA production, time-course and(More)
The enzymatic cascade triggered by activation of plasminogen has been implicated in a variety of normal and pathologic events, such as fibrinolysis, wound healing, tissue remodeling, embryogenesis, and the invasion and spread of transformed tumor cells. Recent data established that the Ca(2+)- and phospholipid-binding protein, annexin II heterotetramer(More)
Tumor or tumor-associated cells cleave circulating plasminogen into three or four kringle-containing antiangiogenic fragments, collectively referred to as angiostatin. Angiostatin blocks tumor growth and metastasis by preventing the growth of endothelial cells that are critical for tumor vascularization. Here, we show that cancer and normal cells convert(More)
In this report, we have characterized the interaction of heparin with the Ca2+- and phospholipid-binding protein annexin II tetramer (AIIt). Analysis of the circular dichroism spectra demonstrated that the Ca2+-dependent binding of AIIt to heparin caused a large decrease in the alpha-helical content of AIIt from approximately 44 to 31%, a small decrease in(More)
This study investigated the effects of testosterone and a nonaromatizable androgen, 11 beta-hydroxyandrosterone, on growth hormone gene expression in the goldfish pituitary. In the sexually immature goldfish, treatment with physiological doses of both testosterone and 11 beta-hydroxyandrosterone significantly increased the growth hormone mRNA production(More)
The Ca(2+)-dependent phospholipid-binding protein annexin II heterotetramer (AIIt) is composed of two copies of annexin II and a p11 dimer. The interaction of the carboxyl-terminal lysine residues of the p11 subunit of AIIt with the lysine-binding kringle domains of plasminogen is believed to play a key role in plasminogen binding and stimulation of the(More)
Annexin II tetramer (AIIt) is a major Ca(2+)-binding protein of the endothelial cell surface which has been shown to stimulate the tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA)-dependent conversion of plasminogen to plasmin. In the present report, we have examined the regulation of plasmin activity by AIIt. The incubation of plasmin with AIIt resulted in a 95% loss(More)
Plasmin, a broad spectrum proteinase, is inactivated by an autoproteolytic reaction that results in the destruction of the heavy and light chains of the protein. Recently we demonstrated that a 61-kDa plasmin fragment was one of the major products of this autoproteolytic reaction (Fitzpatrick, S. L., Kassam, G., Choi, K. S., Kang, H. M., Fogg, D. K., and(More)