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Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients have a wide array of autoantibodies against nuclear antigens. The two predominant classes of these autoantibodies are directed either against dsDNA or RNA-associated antigens (extractable nuclear antigens; ENA). Nucleic-acid sensing Toll-like receptors (TLRs) that recognize dsDNA and RNA, have been well implicated(More)
Fumaria indica L. in Ayurveda is known as Parpat and traditionally used to calm the brain. Due to lack of scientific validation, 50% ethanolic extract of F. indica L. (FI) was evaluated for putative cognitive function modulating effects. Suspension of FI in 0.3% carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) was orally administered to rats during the entire experimental(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease with diverse clinical manifestations and autoantibody repertoires. The etiology of SLE is multifactorial involving genetic, epigenetic and environmental factors. This complexity leads to poor prognosis, which poses major challenges in the treatment of SLE. Understanding the complex genetic pathways(More)
This study was designed to experimentally verify the possibility that Andrographis paniculata could be another medicinal herb potentially useful for prevention of diverse spectrums of pathologies commonly associated with chronic unavoidable environmental stress, and whether andrographolide could as well be its quantitatively major bioactive secondary(More)
BACKGROUND In the view of diverse CNS modulating properties of Fumaria indica, present study was planned to evaluate its putative anxiolytic activity in behavioural models of rats, followed by elucidation of mechanism of observed activity through biochemical estimations. MATERIALS AND METHODS Effects of seven daily 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg oral doses of a(More)
Context Andrographolide containing Andrographis paniculata (Burm. F.) Wall. Ex Nees (Acanthaceae) extracts is often used for treatments of diabetes and other inflammatory disorders commonly accompanying cognitive and other psychiatric disorders. Objective To compare the efficacies of a standardised A. paniculata extract (AP) and pure andrographolide on(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding RNA that modulate the expression of multiple target genes at the post-transcriptional level. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in pre-miRNAs can alter miRNA expression, and polymorphism in target molecules can affect binding to target mRNA. Studies have shown an association between miR-146a gene polymorphism and(More)
Generation of autoantigens of nuclear origin, like dsDNA and extractable nuclear antigens (ENA) have largely been associated with dysregulated apoptosis and defective clearance of apoptotic debris in SLE. Heat shock protein (HSP) 27 has been reported to have anti-apoptotic properties hence it was of interest to study the expression of HSP27 and its(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients have anti-nuclear autoantibodies directed against dsDNA and RNA-associated antigens (extractable nuclear antigens; ENA). In this study, we investigated the differences in microRNA (miRNA) expression and its biological implications in SLE patients with distinct autoantibody specificities. The SLE patients were(More)
BACKGROUND Morbidity and mortality rates of low birth weight (LBW) newborns at term are higher than rates in normal birth weight (NBW) newborns. LBW newborns are at greater risk to acquire recurrent bacterial and viral infections during their first few weeks of life possibly as an outcome of compromised innate immune functions. As adaptive immunity is in a(More)