Geeta Devi Leishangthem

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We showed recently that IL-4 causes mitochondrial dysfunction in allergic asthma. IL-4 is also known to induce 12/15-lipoxygenase (12/15-LOX), a potent candidate molecule in asthma. Because vitamin E (Vit-E) reduces IL-4 and inhibits 12/15-LOX in vitro, here we tested the hypothesis that Vit-E may be effective in restoring key mitochondrial dysfunctions,(More)
Airway epithelial injury is the hallmark of various respiratory diseases, but its mechanisms remain poorly understood. While 13-S-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (13-S-HODE) is produced in high concentration during mitochondrial degradation in reticulocytes little is known about its role in asthma pathogenesis. Here, we show that extracellular 13-S-HODE induces(More)
The mechanisms underlying asthmatic airway epithelial injury are not clear. 12/15-lipoxygenase (an ortholog of human 15-LOX-1), which is induced by IL-13, is associated with mitochondrial degradation in reticulocytes at physiological conditions. In this study, we showed that 12/15-LOX expressed in nonepithelial cells caused epithelial injury in asthma(More)
The objective of the present study was to study the effect of graded doses of citrinin (CIT) on apoptosis and oxidative stress in male Wistar rats till F1 generation. The animals were divided into four groups comprising 25 males and 25 females each, that is, group I: 1 ppm CIT; group II: 3 ppm CIT; group III: 5 ppm CIT; and group IV was kept as a control.(More)
BACKGROUND Baicalein, a bioflavone present in the dry roots of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, is known to reduce eotaxin production in human fibroblasts. However, there are no reports of its anti-asthma activity or its effect on airway injury. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS In a standard experimental asthma model, male Balb/c mice that were sensitized(More)
BACKGROUND Disturbance in the delicate balance between L-arginine-metabolizing enzymes such as nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and arginase may lead to decreased L-arginine availability to constitutive forms of NOS (endothelial NOS), thereby increasing the nitro-oxidative stress and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR). OBJECTIVE In this study, we investigated(More)
Bronchial epithelial injury is the hall mark of asthma which is a chronic airway inflammatory disease. We have shown the mitochondrial ultrastructural changes and dysfunction in bronchial epithelia of OVA induced mice. Reduced L-arginine bioavailability in asthma leads to increased formation of peroxynitrite which could induce mitochondrial dysfunction. We(More)
Studying ultrastructural changes could reveal novel pathophysiology of obese-asthmatic condition as existing concepts in asthma pathogenesis are based on the histological changes of the diseased airway. While asthma is defined in functional terms, the potential of electron microscopy (EM) in providing cellular and subcellular detail is underutilized. With(More)
Lactoferrin (LF) is believed to contribute to the host's defense against microbial infections. This work focuses on the antibacterial and antifungal activities of a designed peptide, L10 (WFRKQLKW) by modifying the first eight N-terminal residues of bovine LF by selective homologous substitution of amino acids on the basis of hydrophobicity, L10 has shown(More)
AIM The aim of the present study was to diagnose infectious bursal disease (IBD) using gross, histopathological, and immunopathological approaches and to compare efficacy of immunohistochemical techniques with conventional diagnostic techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 33 samples were collected from the six different poultry farms from Ludhiana(More)