Geeta Chaudhri

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The pathogenesis of human cerebral malaria (CM) remains unresolved. In the most widely used murine model of CM, the presence of T lymphocytes and/or interferon (IFN)-gamma is a prerequisite. IFN-gamma is the key inducer of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), which is the catalyst of the first, and rate-limiting, step in the metabolism of tryptophan (Trp)(More)
Among the unexplained changes caused by malaria in several host species, including man and mouse, are erythrophagocytosis and dyserythropoiesis. In order to see whether tumour necrosis factor (TNF) could contribute to these changes we injected recombinant human TNF intravenously into mice made very susceptible to this monokine by low density infection with(More)
Cerebral malaria (CM) is a major life-threatening complication of Plasmodium falciparum infection in humans, responsible for up to 2 million deaths annually. The mechanisms underlying the fatal cerebral complications are still not fully understood. Many theories exist on the aetiology of human CM. The sequestration hypo-thesis suggests that adherence of(More)
Ectromelia virus (ECTV), a natural mouse pathogen and the causative agent of mousepox, is closely related to variola virus (VARV), which causes smallpox in humans. Mousepox is an excellent surrogate small-animal model for smallpox. Both ECTV and VARV encode a multitude of host response modifiers that target components of the immune system and that are(More)
Recently, we demonstrated that experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in the rat, passively transferred using myelin basic protein (MBP)-reactive encephalitogenic CD4+ T cells, was preventable by administration of a p55-tumor necrosis factor-IgG fusion protein (TNFR-IgG). This was despite quantitatively and qualitatively normal movement of these(More)
Malaria parasites are very vulnerable to oxidant stress during the part of their life cycle when they inhabit erythrocytes. As the infection progresses they also activate macrophages, one consequence of which is extracellular release of reactive oxygen species. For these reasons free radicals are frequently discussed in the literature on antimalarial drugs,(More)
Variola virus, the causative agent of smallpox, is a member of the poxvirus family and one of the most virulent human pathogens known. Although smallpox was eradicated almost 30 years ago, it is not understood why the mortality rates associated with the disease were high, why some patients recovered, and what constitutes an effective host response against(More)
We have identified a putative signalling feature of the cytoplasmic domains of the tumour necrosis factor (TNF) family members based on available amino acid sequence data. A casein kinase I (CKI) consensus sequence is conserved in the cytoplasmic domain of six of 15 members of the type II integral membrane TNF ligand family. We examined the phosphorylation(More)
Ectromelia virus (ECTV), a natural mouse pathogen and an orthopoxvirus, has been used to investigate the correlation between polarized type 1 or type 2 immune responses and resistance to disease in poxvirus infections by using well defined resistant and susceptible mouse strains. Our data show that distinct differences exist in the cytokine profiles(More)
A strong cell-mediated immune response is critical for controlling viral infections and is regulated by a number of cytokines, including IL-12 and IL-18. Indeed, some viruses have evolved to specifically target these pathways to counter the host immune response. Orthopoxviruses, including ectromelia virus, encode immune evasion molecules that specifically(More)