Geeske Zanen

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Secretory proteins perform a variety of important "remote-control" functions for bacterial survival in the environment. The availability of complete genome sequences has allowed us to make predictions about the composition of bacterial machinery for protein secretion as well as the extracellular complement of bacterial proteomes. Recently, the power of(More)
Type II signal peptidases (SPase II) remove signal peptides from lipid-modified preproteins of eubacteria. As the catalytic mechanism employed by type II SPases was not known, the present studies were aimed at the identification of their potential active site residues. Comparison of the deduced amino acid sequences of 19 known type II SPases revealed the(More)
AIMS Overproduced alpha-amylases in Bacillus subtilis provoke a specific stress response involving the CssRS two-component system, which controls expression of the HtrA and HtrB proteases. Previously, the B. subtilis TepA protein was implicated in high-level alpha-amylase secretion. Our present studies were aimed at investigating a possible role of TepA in(More)
The bacterial signal recognition particle (SRP)-dependent pathway is believed to be a major targeting route for membrane proteins, as well as for subsets of secretory proteins. The present studies were aimed at an assessment of the role of two key components of SRP, namely Ffh and FtsY, in protein secretion by the Gram-positive bacterium Bacillus subtilis.(More)
Bacillus species are valuable producers of industrial enzymes and biopharmaceuticals, because they can secrete large quantities of high-quality proteins directly into the growth medium. This requires the concerted action of quality control factors, such as folding catalysts and 'cleaning proteases'. The expression of two important cleaning proteases, HtrA(More)
Signal peptides that direct protein export in Bacillus subtilis are overall more hydrophobic than signal peptides in Escherichia coli. To study the importance of signal peptide hydrophobicity for protein export in both organisms, the alpha-amylase AmyQ was provided with leucine-rich (high hydrophobicity) or alanine-rich (low hydrophobicity) signal peptides.(More)
Bacillus subtilis is a prolific producer of enzymes and biopharmaceuticals. However, the susceptibility of heterologous proteins to degradation by (extracellular) proteases is a major limitation for use of B. subtilis as a protein cell factory. An increase in protein production levels has previously been achieved by using either protease-deficient strains(More)
Bacillus subtilis contains three proteins of the signal recognition particle-GTPase family known as Ffh, FtsY, and FlhF. Here we show that FlhF is dispensable for protein secretion, unlike Ffh and FtsY. Although flhF is located in the fla/che operon, B. subtilis 168 flhF mutant cells assemble flagella and are motile.
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